15673, ATHENIAN, Athens, National Museum, Acropolis Coll., 1.1632

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  • Vase Number: 15673
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: BLACK-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: CUP FRAGMENTS
  • Provenance: ATHENS, ACROPOLIS
  • Inscriptions: Graffito: ...]EOS [D]ECHO
    Graffito: ...]ION KALON S[...
    Graffito: ...]UIO PAIS KA[...
    Graffito: THEOI [...
    Named: ERCHO[...], POL[...], LEEON, [HER]MES, EUOENS, EUROPE[US], ZEUS
    Named: LEIBUKAI, [...]ES, PHOCHSO[S], LEABETOS, MEGARIDES, BOIOTI[AI], [LA]KEDAIM[ONIAI], THEBATHEN, ATHENAIA[I]
  • Decoration: A: GIGANTOMACHY, ROCK (?, POSEIDON AND NISYROS ?), DIONYSOS IN PANTHER SKIN, HERMES, ZEUS (BOTH NAMED), HERAKLES IN CHARIOT, LIONS (ONE NAMED, LEEON), PANTHER, GIANTS (SOME NAMED), SHIELD DEVICES, FLORAL, TRIPOD, WING
    B: CHARIOT RACE (HORSES AND CHARIOTS NAMED)
  • Current Collection: Athens, National Museum, Acropolis Coll.: 1.1632
  • Publication Record: Archeologia Classica: 58 (2007) 38, FIG.4 (DRAWING)
    Carpenter, T.H., Dionysian Imagery in Archaic Greek Art (Oxford, 1986): PL.15A
    Grabow, E., Schlangenbilder in der griechischen schwarzfigurigen Vasenkunst (Paderborn, 1998): PL.28.K153 (DRAWING)
    Graef, B. & Langlotz, E., Die antiken Vasen von der Akropolis zu Athen, vol.1 (Berlin, 1925): PL.84
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: IV, PL.97, GE 4 (DRAWING)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: SUPPLEMENTUM 1, PL.239, ZEUS ADD.45
    Manakidou, E.P., Parastaseis me Armata (8os-5os ai. p.Ch.) Paratiriseis stin Eikonographia tous (Thessaloniki, 1994): PL.10B (B)
    Meyer, M., Athena, Gottin von Athen. Kult und Mythos auf der Akropolis bis in klassische Zeit, Wiener Forschungen zur Archologie 16 (Vienna, 2017): 609, FIGS.207-208
    Muth, S., Gewalt im Bild, Das Phanomen der medialen Gewalt im Athen des 6. und 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. (Berlin, 2008): 280, FIG.177 (DRAWING)
    Pala, E., Acropoli di Atene, Un microcosmo della produzione e distribuzione della ceramica attica (Rome, 2012): 101, FIG.45 (PARTS)
    Tsingarida, A. (ed.), Shapes and Uses of Greek Vases (7th-4th centuries B.C.), Proceedings of the Symposium held at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 27-29 April 2006 (Brussels, 2009): 289, PL.13.1-3 (COLOUR)
  • AVI Web: https://www.avi.unibas.ch/DB/searchform.html?ID=1192
  • AVI Record Number: 1077
  • LIMC ID: 4867
  • LIMC Web: http://ark.dasch.swiss/ark:/72163/080e-73e88da481d30-d
  • CAVI Collection: Athens, N.M. Acr. i, 1632.
  • CAVI Lemma: Frs. of BF cup. From Athens. Unattributed. Third quarter sixth.
  • CAVI Subject: [Handle zones:] A: Gigantomachy. B: chariot race.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: A: (fr. c, left to right): above the shield of a fallen giant(?): Επχο[---], retr.{1}. Above a giant: Πολ[υβοτες?], retr.{2}. Behind hindquarters of a lion: λhεον. Above the head of Hermes: [hερ]μες, retr. Between heads of Hermes and a giant, facing the latter: ΕΥΟΕN(Σ) retr.{3}. To giant's lower right, referring to a missing fallen giant: Ευροπε[υς], retr. To right of Zeus' head: Ζευς. — B: frs. a, b, e, beginning with e, extant chariots numbered. Fr. e: handle; charioteer, chariot 8, to right. Behind his back, facing him: Λhιβυκαι, retr.{4}. [---]ες, retr.{5}. Fr. a: chariot 7, between charioteer's and horses' heads, facing the latter: Φοχσο[ς] v., retr.{6}. Behind heads of horses of chariot 6: Λhαβετος{7}. Behind heads of horses of chariot 5, facing them: Μεγαριδες, retr.{8}. Same position, chariot 4: Βοιοτι̣[αι], retr. Fr. b: high position, chariot 3: [Λα]κεδαιμ[ονιαι]{9}. Above horses' heads, chariot 2: Θεβεθεν. Under the bellies of chariot 1: Αθεναια̣[ι]. {3} On the rim, Gr.: Fr. c: A: [---]υιο παις κα[---]{10}. B: Fr. e: Θεοι [---]{11}. Fr. a: [---]ιον καλ̣ον σ[---].(12) Fr. b: [---hιλ]εος [δ]εχο [---]{13}.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} miswritten? Graef gives no explanation. {2} see CB. {3} Graef reads ΕΛΟΕ(N)], not retr., with the nu upside down, and has no explanation. Mayer [[Meyer?]] had read [Π]ελο[ρ]ε(υ)ς, but G. rejects it. Should be read retr. Peek rightly read ΕΥΘΕN] and suggested Ευθεν[ο](ς). {4} refers to horses: chariot horses are usually mares, cf. Wilamowitz ad Eur., IT (Bruhn), line 2. {5} belongs to second driver (Graef). {6} From φοχσος, pointed (referring to the head). Φοξος Graef, cf. the tyrant of Chalcis, but his date is quite uncertain; Φοξο[χειλος] Benndorf (but there is no space, except under the horses (lost); Φοκος Wolters. {7} Graef thinks of Λαβεατις in Epirus, but realizes it is unsuitable for sending a famous chariot. Peek thinks genit. of Λαβες (e.g., IG ii 864, col. ii, 14), name of owner of Megarian chariot, as Φοχσο ... is of a previous chariot. But Graef refers the name to an earlier chariot, for he says that L. seems to be falling from his chariot. Is Labetos not a possible name? {8} last letter to left of inscription. {9} not enough space to finish the word; first extant letter drawn as chi in dr.: [Λα]χεδαιμ[ονιαι]? {10} Stais thought of a kalos-inscription, but Graef thinks a dedication more likely, with -υιο or -ριο [the latter clearly wrong] the father of the dedicator. Peek suggests: Εριγ]υιο παις κα[λος, the name being known only as Sappho's father or brother. {11} Graef reads θεοι, but it may be an invocation at the beginning of an amatory inscription, cf. Agora P 5164. {12} so rightly Peek (but no letter is missing).(13)so Peek, rightly; Graef read: [---ευφρον]εοσ[α δ]εχο [---].
  • CAVI Number: 1077
  • AVI Bibliography: Benndorf (1868–83), pl. 29, 3 (a, part). — Stais (1886), pl. 7. — Graef–Langlotz (1925–33), i, no. 1632, pl. 84; *Peek, ibid. ii, 130. — CB (1931–63), ii, 70 (mention). — Threatte (1980), 26 (on λhεον and Λhαβετος).

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