Dioskouroi

Detail from an Athenian black-figure clay vase, about 575-525 BC. Rome, Museo Gregoriano Etrusco Vaticano 16757Relief. Sparta Museum 575Kastor and Polydeukes (Roman Castor and Pollux), hero sons of Zeus and worshipped throughout Greece, but especially in Sparta, as saviours and protectors of travellers. They rescued their sister Helen from Theseus; themselves raped the daughters of Leucippus (Leukippos]; and joined the expedition of the Argonauts. They are commonly shown with horses, wearing pointed caps (piloi) with stars over them.

Above left: Detail from an Athenian black-figure clay vase, about 575-525 BC. Rome, Museo Gregoriano Etrusco Vaticano 16757 © Museo Gregoriano Etrusco Vaticano

Above right: Relief. Sparta Museum 575 © Sparta Museum