An Arcadian god of herdsmen, worshipped all over Greece. He pursues animals, boys, nymphs, including Syrinx, who turned herself into reeds to escape him. He is much associated with Dionysos and may be shown on various Dionysiac occasions, with Satyrs, or in myth settings of the countryside, often with Eros with whom he may wrestle. From the later 5th century he multiplies and infant and female Pans appear. At first he is shown as a humanoid goat, in the classical period often wholly human but with goat tail and horns, then usually with a semi-bestial face and goat legs.
Above left: Cornelian intaglio. Once Marlborough and Ionides collection. Photo. John Boardman © John Boardman
Above right: Clay statuette from Anthedon. Berlin. Antikensammlung TC 8210. Phot. Mus. Ant 6083 © Berlin. Antikensammlung.