Ionian Greek city of Asia Minor on the Carian coast. A leading source of colonization in the Black Sea from the end of the 7th century BC. It enjoyed the patronage of Lydia and Persia until its destruction by the latter in 494 BC, after revolt. It regained prosperity. German excavations are revealing much of its plan and buildings.
Above: Map of Greece and the Aegean © Beazley Archive, Ian Hiley