Muses

Part of a marble relief from Mantinea, 350-500 BC. Athens, National Archaeological Museum 215-7.Detail from an Attic white-ground clay vase, about 440 BC. Munich, Antikensammlungen S80.Goddesses who were patrons of the arts of literature and music, shown with their appropriate attributes of musical instruments or scrolls. The canonical number of them was nine. They were associated with Apollo.

Above left: Part of a marble relief from Mantinea, 350-500 BC. Athens, National Archaeological Museum 215-7. © National Archeaological Museum, Athens Licence Plate 11 UK 1007 169

Above right: Detail from an Attic white-ground clay vase, about 440 BC. Munich, Antikensammlungen S80. © Antikensammlungen, Munich Licence Plate 11 UK 1007 170