Thrace

Map of the Mediterranean and Black SeaDeath of Orpheus, Thracian woman with axe. Detail from Athenian red-figure neck-amphora c. 500-450 BC. Ashmolean Museum 1966.500. Photo. Beazley Archive, Ian HileyNon-Greek neighbour of Greece to the north, comprising modern Bulgaria and part of modern Greece and Romania. The Thracians of the Classical period were much influenced by both Persian and Greek art. They are shown wearing fox-skin caps (alopekides) and patterned cloaks (zeirai), dress which is also affected in Athens in the classical period. Their women (killing Orpheus) are shown with tattooed necks, arms and ankles.

Above left: Map of the Mediterranean and Black Sea © Beazley Archive, Ian Hiley

Above right: Death of Orpheus, Thracian woman with axe. Detail from Athenian red-figure neck-amphora c. 500-450 BC. Ashmolean Museum 1966.500. Photo. Beazley Archive, Ian Hiley © AshmoleanMuseum