Greek classical

10

Blue chalcedony stamp seal, the face only.

19x15.

Published: RA 1971, 201, fig. 7, with previous literature.

A griffin attacks a stag. Inscribed in Cypriot: a-ke-se-to-ta-mo, 'of Akestodamos'. A small 'sun-face', perhaps a late addition.

The shape is that adopted in the western Persian empire, though seldom with such a purely Greek motif as this, for a Cypriot owner.

Mid-5th cent. BC.

Gem image

11

Cornelian scaraboid.

14x10.5.

Published: RA 1971, 203, fig. 10, with previous literature. Once de Gobineau Collection.

A naked man holding a spear leads a horse. In the field a mock inscription.

Early 5th cent. BC.

Gem image

12

Blue chalcedony scaraboid, from Sparta.

17x12.

Published: RA 1971, 203, fig. 11, with previous literature. Once Castellani Collection.

A dog. Ground line. Inscribed in Greek: TIMODEMO, 'of Timodemos'. Ground line.

5th cent. BC.

Gem image

13

Agate scaraboid.

17x12.

Published: RA 1971, 203, fig. 12.

A lion tears an animal leg (cloven hoof). Ground line.

5th cent. BC.

Gem image

14

Blue chalcedony scaraboid.

25x21.

Published: RA 1971, 203, fig. 13; LIMC Pan no. 69; J. Boardman, The Great God Pan (1997) fig. 42.

A naked girl Pan, with forehead horns and a goat's tail, leans on a pillar of rock, holding a cup (?). Short ground line.

This is the earliest evidence in Greek art for a female Pan.

Late 5th cent. BC.

Gem image