Etruscan

15

Agate scarab.

14x10.5.

Published: RA 1971, 205, fig. 14.

A male four-winged demon wearing a corselet, holding a wreath and a flower, accompanied by a snake. Hatched border.

Such demons are commonly female in Etruscan art.

Early 5th cent. BC.

Gem image

16

Agate scarab.

14x10.5.

Published: RA 1971, 205, fig. 15; LIMC Kapaneus no. 57.

Kapaneus. A naked warrior holding a shield collapses, with a broken spear passing through his neck and body. Hatched border.

It is usually Zeus' thunderbolt that is shown for such figures.

Mid-5th cent. BC.

Gem image

17

Cornelian pseudo-scarab, the back carved as a frontal siren.

13x10.

Published: RA 1971, 207, fig. 16.

A stooping warrior holding shield and curved sword (machaira). Inscribed in Etruscan: ACHELE, Achilles. Ground line and hatched border.

5th cent. BC.

Gem image

18

Cornelian scarab.

12x10.

Published: RA 1971, 107, fig. 17.

A fully dressed winged goddess restrains a warrior, with helnmet, shield and spear, who is moving away from her. Inscribed in Etruscan ACHLE, Achilles. Hatched ground line and border.

The occasion is not made clear in accounts of Achilles and could be an invention of the engraver, but the involvement of goddesses with heroes was commonplace in Greek epic, though this one cannot be securely identified. A near-replica, mentioned in RA, was also said to be in the Danicourt Collection, but this may be an error. The subject is discussed by E. Zwierlein-Diehl in Festschrift Dirlmeier-Pöschl (1976) 22-3.

5th cent. BC.

Gem image

19

Onyx scarab.

11x7.

Published: RA 1971, 207, fig. 18.

A collapsing warrior, naked but for his shield, struck in the shin by an arrow, bleeding. Hatched border.

Late 5th cent. BC.

Gem image

20

Agate scarab.

16x11.5.

Published: RA 1971, 208, fig. 19.

A stooping warrior in a chlamys is stringing his bow. Garbled inscription in the field. Hatched border.

4th cent. BC.

Gem image

21

Cornelian scarab.

14x11.

Published: RA 1971, 209, fig. 20.

A dressed maenad dances, her head thrown back in ecstasy, holding a lyre and a crooked thyrsos (snake?). Hatched border.

Nearly a globolo style. 4th cent. BC.

Gem image

22

Cornelian scarab.

12x9.

Published: RA 1971, 209, fig. 21.

Three horses. Line border.

A globolo. 4th/3rd cent. BC.

Gem image

23

Cornelian scarab.

15x11.

Published: RA 1971, 209, fig. 22.

A man with a stick. Line border.

A globolo. 4th/3rd cent. BC.

Gem image

24

Cornelian scarab.

10x7.5.

Published: RA 1971, 209, fig. 23.

The heads of a grazing stag and a horse, with a single, body, a wing and two tails. Beaded border.

Possibly Western Greek rater than Etruscan. 4th cent. BC.

Gem image

25

Agate scarab.

11x8.5.

Published: RA 1971, 210, fig. 24.

A woman, with stippled dress around her legs, looks in a mirror with her other hand behind her head. Hatched border.

Perhaps Italic. 4th/3rd cent. BC.

Gem image