Scarab abbreviations

AG

A. Furtwängler, Die antiken Gemmen (1900)

AGDS

Antiken Gemmen in deutschen Sammlungen

AGGems

J. Boardman, Archaic Greek Gems (1968)

AJBA

Australian Journal of Biblical Archaeology

Along the Routes

Along the Routes of the Phoenicians Carthage Museum (1998)

Almagro-Gorbea

M.J. Almagro-Gorbea, Orfebreria Fenicio- Punica (1987)

Anecd

E. Acquaro et al. (eds.), Anecdota Tharrhica (1975)

ANS

American Numismatic Society

ArchClass

Archaeologia Classica

ArchEsp

Archivo Español de Arqueologia

Astruc

M. Astruc, La Necropolis de Villaricos (1951)

Atti II FP

Atti II Congresso di Studi Fenici-Punici (1991)

BAS

Bullettino Archeologico Sardo

Berlin

AGDS II (1969) (E. Zwierlein-Diehl)

Berry

B.Y. Berry, Ancient Gems from the Collection of Burton Y. Berry (1968/9)

Biblo

Biblo: una città e la sua cultura (Colloquio, Roma, 5-7 Dic. 1990) (1994)

Biggio

E. Acquaro, La collezione Biggio. Antichità puniche a Sant'Antioco (1977)

Boardman, IR

J. Boardman, Intaglios and Rings (1975)

Boardman, PW

J. Boardman, Persia and the West (2000)

Bordreuil

P. Bordreuil, Catalogue des sceaux ouest- sémitiques inscrits...Bibliothèque Nationale (

Bresciani

S.F. Bondi et al. (eds.), Studi in onore di Edda Bresciani (1986)

Budapest

J. Boardman, 'Near Eastern and Archaic Greek Gems in Budapest'. Bull. Mus. Hongrois des Beaux-Arts 32/33 (1969) 7-17

BullArch

Bulletin Archéologique

Byblos

M. Dunand, Fouilles de Byblos I (1937-9), II (1933-8)

Cambridge

M. Henig, Classical Gems. Fitzwilliam Museum (1994)

Carthage

J. Vercoutter, Les objets égyptiens et égyptisants du mobilier funéraire carthaginois (1945)

CRAI

Compte Rendu. Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres

CSAPI

O. Keel, Corpus der Stempelsiegel-Amulette aus Palästina/Israel Einleitung (1995); I (1997).

de Clercq

A. de Ridder, Collection de Clercq VII.2 (1911)

Delaporte

L. Delaporte, Catalogue des cylindres...II. Acquisitions. Louvre (1920-1923)

Ebers

G. Ebers, 'Sopra alcune antichità sarde e loro provenienza', Annali dell'Instituto 55 (1883) 86- 147

Eirene

J. Boardman, 'Some Negroes in Classical Phoenician Scarabs'. Eirene 31 (1995) 62-68

Fest.Hausmann

J. Boardman, 'Greek Myths on 'Greco-Phoenician' Scarabs' in Fest. U. Hausmann (1982) 295-297

GazArch

Gazette Archéologique

Geneva

M.-L. Vollenweider, Catalogue raisonée. Genève I (1967); III (1983)

Getty

J. Spier, Ancient Gems and Finger Rings. J. Paul Getty Museum (1992)

GGFR

J. Boardman, Greek Gems and Finger Rings (1970/2001)

Gubel, Furn

E. Gubel, Phoenician Furniture (1987)

Hamburg

AGDS IV (1975) (M. Schlüter et al.)

Hanover

AGDS IV (1975) (P. Zazoff)

Henig, Lewis

M. Henig, The Lewis Collection of Gemstones (1975)

Hölbl, Sard

G. Hölbl, Ägyptisches Kulturgut in phönizischen und punischen Sardinien (1986)

Homenaje Blazquez

Homenaje a José M. Blazquez (1993)

Hornung/Stahelin

E. Hornung and E. Stahelin, Skarabäen und andere Siegelamulette aus Basler Sammlungen (1976)

The Phoenicians

S. Moscati, ed., The Phoenicians (1988)

Ibiza

J. Boardman, Escarabeos de piedra procedentes de Ibiza (1984)

JHS

Journal of Hellenic Studies

Kamid-el-Loz

II (1978); III (1999); XV (1996). Saarbrücker Beitrage zur Altertumskunde)

KarthagoII

F. Rakob, ed., Karthago II (1997); III (1999) (to distinguish from the periodical Karthago 1...)

Kassel

AGDS III (1970) (P. Zazoff)

Kition II

G. Clerc, et al. (eds.) Fouilles de Kition II (1976)

Lajard

F. Lajard, Recherches sur le culte...de Vénus en Orient et en Occident (1849)

LHG

J.D. Beazley, Lewes House Gems (1920) - now in Boston

LIMC

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (1981-99)

London

H.B. Walters, Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Cameos...British Museum (1926)

Lopez de la Orden

Lopez de la Orden, La glyptica de la antiguedad en Andalucia (1990)

Los Fenicios

Olmo Lete and C. Aubet (eds.), Los Fenicios (1986)

LRings

F.H. Marshall, Catalogue of the Finger Rings...British Museum (1907)

MA

Monumenti Antichi

Marmora

A. Della Marmora, Sopra alcune antichità sarde (1853)

MemJunta

Memoria. Junta Superior de Excavaciones y Antigüedades

MM

Madrider Mitteilungen

Monte Sirai

Monte Sirai. Rapporto Preliminare I- (1964-). Rome.

Morrison

Christie's June 29 1898. The Morrison Collection of Gems and Antiquities

Moscati, Gioielli

S. Moscati, I Gioielli di Tharros (1968)

MuM

Münzen und Medaillen, Basel

Munich

AGDS I (1968) (E.Brandt)

NAAC

Numismatic Art and Ancient Coins, Zurich

NAAG

Numismatic and Ancient Art Gallery, Zurich

NBAS

Nuovo Bullettino Archeologico Sardo

New York

G.M.A. Richter, Catalogue of Engraved Gems. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (1956)

Newell

H.H. von der Osten, Ancient Oriental Seals in the Collection of Edward T. Newell (1934)

Nicolini

G. Nicolini, Techniques des arts antiques (1990)

Nunn

A. Nunn, Die figürliche Motivschatz Phöniziens, Syriens und Transjordaniens vom 6. bis zum 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (2000)

Oman

C.C. Oman, Victoria and Albert Museum. Catalogue of Rings (1930)

OpAth

Opuscula Atheniensia

OrAnt

Oriens Antiquus

Oxford I

J. Boardman and M.-L. Vollenweider, Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Finger Rings. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford I (1978)

Oxford III

B.Buchanan and P.R.S. Moorey, Catalogue of Ancient Near Eastern Seals. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford III (Stamp Seals) (1988)

Padro, New, II, III

J. Padro, Egyptian-type Documents from the...Iberian Peninsula II (1983), III (1985), New... (1995)

Parrot et al.

A. Parrot et al., Les Phéniciens (1975)

Pauvert

E. Babelon, La Collection Pauvert de la Chapelle (1899)

Perrot

G. Perrot and C. Chipiez, Histoire de l'art dans l'antiquité III (1885); V (1890)

Pisano, Gioielli G.

Quattrocchi Pisano, I gioelli fenici di Tharros nel museo nazionale di Cagliari (1974)

Pisano, Gioielli It.

G. Pisano, I Gioielli fenici e punici in Italia (1988)

QDAP

Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities, Palestine

Quillard

B. Quillard, Bijoux carthaginois I (1979), II (1987)

RA

Revue Archéologique

RendVat

Rendiconti. Atti della Pontificia Accademia Romana

REPPAL

Revue des Etudes Phéniciens-Puniques et des Antiquités Libyques (Tunis)

Reyes

A.T. Reyes, The Stamp Seals of Ancient Cyprus (2001)

RM

Römische Mitteilungen

ROM

Royal Ontario Musuem, Toronto

RPA

Rendiconti. Atti delle Pontificia Accademia Romana

RSF

Rivista di Studi Fenici

Sass/Uehlinger

B. Sass and C. Uehlinger (eds.), Studies in the Iconography of Northwest Semitic Inscribed Seals (1993)

SCE

E. Gjerstad et al., The Swedish Cyprus Expedition II (1935)

Southesk

H. Carnegie, Catalogue of the Collection of Antiquities formed by James, Ninth Earl of Southesk (1908)

Spano

G. Spano, Catalogo della raccolta archeologica sarda del canonico Giovanni Spano, da lui donato al Museo d'Antichità di Cagliari 1860

Sternberg

F. Sternberg, Auctions and Lists, Zurich

Studies Quaegebeur

Egyptian Religion (Studies... J. Quaegebeur. 1998)

Taramelli

A. Taramelli, 'La necropoli di Predio Ibba a S. Avendrace Cagliari', MA 21 (1912) 45-224.

Tassie

J. Tassie and R.E.Raspe, A Descriptive Catalogue of a General Collection (1791)

Tharros

R.D. Barnett and C. Mendleson (eds.), Tharros. A Catalogue of the Material in the British Museum (1987)

Vienna

E. Zwierlein-Diehl, Die antiken Gemmen des Kunsthistorisches Museums im Wien I (1973)

Vives y Escudero

A. Vives y Escudero, Estudios de Arqueologia Cartaginesa. Necropoli de Ibiza (1917)

W/B

C. Wagner and J. Boardman, Classical and Eastern Intaglios, Rings and Cameos in a Private Collection (2003)

Wiegandt

H. Wiegandt, Charms of the Past (1998)

Zazoff

P. Zazoff, Die antiken Gemmen (1983)