18. King or god fights humanoid

The quarry is a small, mainly human, sometimes more demonic figure, of a type seen elsewhere in Phoenician and Cypriot art where he seems to be simply a 'wild man'. In these groups he may personify some objectionable entity that the king disposes of, or is generically the despised enemy. Culican, AJBA 1 (1968) 86-7, suggests identification of the protagonist as Baal or Melkart. For versions with a Greek warrior attacking see 28/132,136 and cf. 21/7.

West

18/1 Ibiza no. 74 (Madrid 36989). BL;EXCR. King kneels with raised axe pursuing kneeling humanoid (head gone). Lotus flower behind; dotted square above, and a palm leaf (?). III

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18/2 Cagliari 19805, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.9; NBAS 2 (1985) 197, fig. 6 (Acquaro). BL. King with pointed helmet and raised axe treads down the supplicating humanoid, grasping its hair, over rocky ground. In front, a tree, small dog (?) and rearing lion; disc-and-crescent above. VI

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18/3 Cagliari 9500 (Spano 2), from Tharros. NBAS 2 (1985) 197, fig. 7 (Acquaro). BH. King and humanoid as the last, alone, but the king also holds a bow and wears a quiver. VI

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18/4 London no. 385, pl. 7, from Tharros. Hölbl, Sard no. 125. BL;EXCR. King and humanoid alone, as on 18/2. V

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18/5 Ted. P. Todde Coll., from Tharros. BAS 4, pl. 2.27; Hölbl, Sard no. 126. BL;EXCR. As the last.

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18/6 Munich no. 219, pl. 24, from Tharros. RSF 4 (1976) pl. 8.3 (Culican); Hölbl, Sard no. 124, pl. 156a. BL;EXCR. As the last; disc-and-crescent above. An axe behind. VI

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18/7 Cav. Asquer Coll., from Sardinia. Marmora, pl. B 80; AJBA 1 (1968) 101, fig. 14c (Culican); Hölbl, Sard no. 127. Fragment. As the last; ? behind.

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18/8 Penco Coll., from Tharros. BAS 5, 123-4. Apparently as the last, with cartouche, uraeus and disc-and-crescent.

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18/9 From Caralis. Taramelli, 157, fig. 61; Hölbl, Sard no. 130. BH;EXO. As the last, the king holding bow and wearing quiver. The quarry faces away. V

Drawing of gem

18/10 Monte Sirai II, pl. 48.2, 120, no. 100, tomb 11; Saggi Fenici I, pl. 6.7 (Bondi); Hölbl, Sard no. 129; Studia Punica 10 (1996) fig. 8.7 (Moscati). BH;EXnb. The king holding axe. ? behind. III

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18/11 Karthago III. no. 113. Clay bulla. Fragment; cowering humanoid, leg and arm of king.

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Other

18/12 Paris, BN, de Luynes 247. Aréthuse 5 (1928) pl. 7(8).8. BL; chevrons in broad ground line. Egyptian king wearing an atef crown, with raised mace, holds two crouching humanoids, who turn and supplicate, by the hair; inscribed cartouche and uzat eye in field above; behind, a papyrus column supporting an uzat eye. VI

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18/13 Once Story-Maskelyne. AG pl. 15.8. BL;EXnb. Dressed figure wearing atef crown, with raised crook leaps towards a prisoner, facing away, hands bound behind back; blank cartouche at either side; disc above. VI

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Other materials

East

18/X1 Jerusalem, from Jerusalem. Blue glass scaraboid. Atiqot 40 (2000) 25-41, fig. 1 (B. Brandl). BL. Half missing. King with axe attacks a humanoid falling away from him.

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18/X2 From Abu Ghosh. As the last. Ibid., 27, fig. 3a.

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18/X3 London, BM ANE 102736, from Beit Jibrin(?). Ibid., fig. 3; D. Barag, Western Asiatic Glass I (1985) no. 96. As the last.

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Other

18/X4 Morrison no. 34, pl. 1. RSF 4 (1976) pl. 8.4 (Culican). Cornelian. BH;EXnb. Egyptian king, dressed, with feather crown, attacks supplicating humanoid with raised mace and holds bow and arrows. Cartouche behind.

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