21. Bull-headed deity

The figure is generally identified as Baal or Melkart; see Culican's discussions in Abr-Nahran 2 (1960-1) 43, and RSF 4 (1976) 57-68.

A. Seated before incense-burner

West

21/1 Monte Sirai II, pl. 48.3, 21, no. 102, fig. 6; Studia Punica 10 (1996) fig. 8.8 (Moscati); Gubel, Furn no. 145. BH;EXO. Throne, spear sceptre and incense-burner.

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21/2 London no. 356, pl. 6, from Tharros (BM ANE 134278). Gubel, Furn no. 144. BH;EXO;PB. Throne, sceptre with papyrus top and incense-burner. V

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21/3 Cagliari 9560 (Spano 22), from Tharros. RSF 17 (1989) pl. 12d (Acquaro). BH. Throne, spear sceptre and incense-burner. Summary. III

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21/4 S. Antioco Mus., from Sulcis tophet. Sard no. 120, pl. 154,1. BH. Throne, sceptre and incense-burner. V

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Other

21/5 Paris, BN de Luynes 191. Aréthuse 5 (1928) pl. 7(8).19. BH;EXO; in gold mount. As the last. V

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21/6 Impression in Oxford. Material? BH. As the last. III

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B. Fighting

West

21/7 Ibiza no. 73 (Ibiza 3650). RSF 4 (1976) pl. 8.1 (Culican); Los Fenicios II (1986) 111-120 (Gubel); C. Bonnet, Melqart (1988) pl. 5.16l. BH;PB. Wears white crown with topknot, long-sleeved dress with long split skirt, strides forward with raised mace, the forward hand holding a large leaf, and, by the hair, a cowering figure, bearded with long sleeves and supplicating, whose lower body becomes a long hatched 'tail' which curves under the attacker like an exergue line. Cartouche in field. The victim looks a snake-man rather than the more benign Phoenician Tritons, and in this respect more like the serpent attacked by Egyptian Seth (Culican, 66, fig. 2), whom Baal here imitates. I/V

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Other materials

Type A

21/X1 Syracuse 25242. Zazoff, pl. 20.8; Gubel, Furn no. 27. Cornelian. BH;EXO. Sphinx throne; tasselled cap; holds spear sceptre.

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21/X2 Paris, BN 1055. Abr-Nahran 2 (1960-1) 49, fig. 1f (Culican); RSF 4 (1976) pl. 8.2 (Culican); Babelon, pl. 5. Agate. BL;EXnb. Sphinx throne; tasselled cap; spear sceptre; incense-burner.

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Type B

21/X3 Karthago III, no. 112. Clay bulla. Similar in most details to Ibiza no. 73, but the lower part of the victim is missing, and the cartouche has a feather crown.

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