25. Sacred trees

On these scarabs the main motif is the Phoenician sacred tree, composed of cup-spirals, palmettes and buds, with or without attendant figures; see also one with Bes - 22/X13. The tree figures prominently in Cypro-Phoenician glyptic: Reyes, nos. 219, 235, 260, 277, 281, 288. Cf. also 7/4; 15/56, X3; 22/X13.

West

25/1A Ibiza no. 59 (Moreno 1). BL;EXnb. Fragment. Attended by rampant goats, head averted.

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25/1B Cagliari 9493 (Spano 34), from Tharros. AG pl. 15.1; RPA 49 (1976/7) 51-2, fig. 10 (Moscati). BL;EXCR. Attended by figures in pointed caps with short dress. Winged disc above. V

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25/2 Cagliari 9460 (Spano 3), from Tharros. Ebers, pl. G 50. BL;EXCR. Attended by two griffins. III

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25/3 Cagliari 19780, from Tharros. BL. Attended by two goats. III

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25/4 Tharros pl. 55e (BM ANE 134222), London no. 389. BH;PB. Roughly cut. IV

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25/5 Tharros pl. 57d (BM ANE 133492), London no. 423. BH;EXO. Attended by two goats; winged disc above. III

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25/6 Tharros pl. 57e (BM ANE 133322), London no. 387, pl. 7. Hölbl, Sard no. 229. BL;EXCR;PB. Attended by two baboons; disc-and-crescent and a star above. The top element a high palmette of Greek type. I

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25/7 Visc.Asquer Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 28; Hölbl, Sard no. 181. BL;EXCR. Attended by falcon-headed figures with disc headdress, one holding a lotus.

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Other

25/8 Southesk O 6, pl. 16. BL;EXnb. Falcon-headed figures with disc crown at either side of tall palmette tree. Very similar to the last.

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25/9 Sternberg, Aukt. 24 (1990) no. 402. BH;PB. Disc-crowned sphinx with uraeus in front seated on cup-spiral tree.

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Other materials

West

25/X1 Cagliari 19779, from Tharros. Cornelian. BL. In gold mount and hoop C. Tree alone.

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25/X2 Carthage no. 665. Quillard, no. 54, pl. 6b. Cornelian. In a gold mount. Two winged griffins rampant, heads turned back, at a tree.

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25/X3 Carthage no. 700. Blue glass. BL. Two goats rampant at tree.

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25/X4 Karthago III, no. 117. Clay bulla. Kneeler on a palmette tree?

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25/X5 London no. 291, pl. 6, from Italy? Agate. BH;EXCR. Griffins rampant at each side.

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East

25/X6 St Petersburg, from Kerch. Tharros 102, fig. 4; S. Reinach, Ant.Bosph. pl. 16.13. Cornelian. BH. Palmette tree on the side flowers of which stand two double-crowned falcons. Winged disc above.

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25/X7 Jerusalem IAA 73-196 (once Lefkowitz), from Akko. CSAPI I, no. 144. BL;EXO. Scarab3.02.htmScarab3.02.htmScarab3.02.htmGoats at a tree on a mound; two stars and winged disc above. III

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Other

25/X8 Paris, BN, de Luynes 203. Aréthuse 5 (1928) pl. 7(8).27. Cornelian. BH; in gold mount and silver hoop A. Facing lion seated on Phoenician cup-spiral with flowers.

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