III Mainly Hellenizing subjects

26. Sea deities and subjects

On some related sea subjects in Spain, R. Olmos in Ephialte (Vitoria-Gastiez, 1989) 23-*

A. Man with trident and fish

The figure is naked and usually walking. The attributes are as for a Poseidon, but the figure is usually not bearded. Compare the 'Hermes' figures.

West

26/1 Ibiza no. 82 (Ibiza 4883). BL. IV

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26/2 Ibiza no. 83 (Ibiza 6151). BL. With cloak (?). IV

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26/3 Cagliari 9531 (Spano 72), from Tharros. AG pl. 15.33. BH. III

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26/4 Cagliari 374, from Tharros. Anecd pl. 25.B21. BH. III

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26/5 Cagliari 3, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.34. BH; in gold mount and hoop B. Running. III

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26/6 From Tharros, Chessa Coll. BAS 8, 133. ? = the last.

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26/7 Oxford III, no. 487, pl. 16 (1889.886), from Tharros. BH;PB. Runs, with trident and fish (?). I

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26/8 Malibu, from Sicily?. IR no. 117. BH;PB. III

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East

26/10 London, Hay Coll., from Syria. Saraboid.

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Other

26/11 New York market. Christies, 15.12.1993, no. 67; Syria 76 (1999) 267, fig. 50. BH.

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26/12 Sternberg, Aukt. 24 (1990) no. 409. BH. With chlamys.

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B. Man with trident riding sea-horse or dolphin

The type is familiar in Greek art, as Poseidon.

West

26/13 Ibiza no. 84 (Madrid 37010). BH;PB. On a dolphin. IV

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26/14 Cagliari 9485 (Spano 6), from Tharros. AG pl. 15.35. BH. On a sea-horse. III

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26/15 Cagliari 19778, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.39. BL. On a dolphin, holding also a fish; three waves below. III

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26/15A New York, Rosen 188, from Tunisia. BH. Holds spear (?). IV

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C. 'Triton'

The figure, often bearded, may hold a wreath or fish, or make an adoration gesture. The fish bodies may be stippled or cross-hatched; fins are shown. The physique is that of a Greek archaic Triton (LIMC VIII) which is not a subject for Greek archaic scarabs.

West

26/16 Ibiza no. 85 (Barcelona 9362). BH. Both hands raised; star above. V

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26/17 Ibiza no. 86 (Ibiza 2892). BL. Both hands raised (?).

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26/18 Cagliari 9463 (Spano 67), from Tharros. Ebers, pl. H80. BL. Bearded; holds fish (?). Crescent and disc above. V

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26/19 Cagliari 19772, from Tharros. BH. Bearded; holds fish (?) and one hand raised, palm out. Star above. V

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26/20 Cagliari 9559 (Spano 63), from Tharros. Ann 1883 pl. H78. BH. Bearded; holds fish and one hand raised, palm out. V

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26/21 Cagliari 19773, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.38. BH. Bearded; holds two fish, another swims below. V

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26/22 Cagliari 369, from Tharros. Ebers, pl. H79; Anecd pl. 26.B23. BH. Hands raised, palms out. V

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26/23 Cagliari 19774, from Tharros. BL. As the last. IV

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26/24 Cagliari 19775, from Tharros. BL. As the last. V

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26/25 Cagliari 19776, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.36. BH. A wreath raised in one hand; three waves beneath. III

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26/26 Coll. Schiavo. Ebers, pl. H.82. BH. Bearded; holds fish and wreath(?). V

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26/27 Coll. Schiavo. Ann 1883. pl. H.81. BH. Bearded; holds two fish; a flower at the border. V

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26/28 London no. 397, pl. 7, from Tharros. BH. As the last, perhaps the same. V

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26/29 London no. 396, pl. 7, from Tharros. Stud.Phoen. 9 (1992) pl. 4.13 (Gubel). BH. Bearded; holds two fish. V

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26/30 Oxford III, no. 489 (1889.884), from Tharros. BH. Both hands raised. III

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26/31 Carthage no. 618. BL. One hand raised. VI

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26/32 Rome, Villa Giulia 72. Zazoff, pl. 22.1. BH. Bearded; holds cup and jug; disc-and-crescent above.

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26/33 Market, from Tunisia. BH. Looks round; holds spear.

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East

26/34 Paris, Bibl.Nat., de Clercq no. 2507, pl. 16, from Tortosa. (Not faience?). BL;EXnb. One hand raised; star and disc-and-crescent above. Inscribed. VI

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Other

26/35 Paris, BN, de Luynes 213. Babelon, fig. 38; Aréthuse 5 (1928) pl. 8(7).10; AG pl. 15.37; Zazoff, pl. 22.2; Stud.Phoen. 9 (1992) pl. 4.16 (Gubel). BH; on gold mount and hoop A. Bearded.; holds conical cup and wreath; fish above. Unusually festive for the subject. III

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26/36 Rome 107995. RPA 30/1 (1957/9) 226, fig. 11. BL. One hand raised, and holding (?).

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26/37 St Petersburg. RSF 4 (1976) pl. 9.4 (Culican); A. Maximova, Antichnie R. Kamni (1926) pl. 1.7. BL;EXCR; in gold mount. Two Tritons embrace; sun disc above.

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D. Shells, crabs

The subject of a warrior in a shell is, in classical art, later than its appearance in this series. The archer in a crab may be a somewhat irreverent version of the archer-god in a sun-disc: a hellenized Ahuramazda ?

West

26/38 Ibiza no. 220 (Ibiza 3717). BH. A warrior with shield, spear and corselet emerges from a conical shell. V

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26/39 Ibiza no. 221 (Ibiza 6151). BH. Incomplete. A conical shell and a curved object (bow?) which might be held by a warrior, as on the last. III

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26/40 London no. 429, pl. 7, from Tharros. BH. Head of bearded man wearing quiver at neck and drawing a bow, emerging from a crab. Running dog below. I

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26/41 Spano Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. B 110. BH. A dressed warrior with spear and shield leaps from a conch shell; dolphin above; waves below.

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26/42 Kerkouan Museum. REPPAL 9 (1995) pl. 12.29. BH. As the last but the warrior is naked.

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26/43 Carthage no. 717 (Carthage Mus.). BH. As 26/40, without the dog. III

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26/44 Carthage no. 640. BH. Crab. III

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E. Other

West

26/45 Ibiza no. 148 (Ibiza 3651). BH. Winged sea-goat. IV

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26/46 Ibiza no. 149 (Barcelona 9356). BH. Winged sea-goat. V

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26/47 Ibiza No. 150 (Madrid 37031). BH. Winged sea-goat. IV/V

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26/48 Coll. Spano, from Tharros. Marmora, pl. B 100. BL. Winged sea-horse.

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26/49 London no. 398, pl. 7, from Tharros; LRings no. 290. BH; in gold mount with wavy wire sides and hoop B. Winged sea-lion. III

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26/50 Kerkouan Museum. REPPAL 9 (1995) pl. 13.30. BH; on gold hoop C. An anchor and two dolphins. I

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East

26/51 Nicosia A.I. 2657, from Agia Irini. SCE II, pl. 249.13; Reyes, no. 104. Scaraboid. BH. Winged sea-horse.

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26/52 Private. E. Gubel, Les Phéniciens et le monde méditerranéen (1986) no. 256; Nunn no. 80. BH. Winged sea-horse.

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Other

26/53 New York, Rosen 220. BH. Winged sea-horse. IV

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26/54 Sternberg, Aukt. 24 (1990) no. 401. BH;EXnb;PB. Winged sea-horse.

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26/55 Once Borowski Coll. BH;EXnb. Winged sea-horse. III

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26/56 London no. 344. BH. A dolphin. III

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Other materials

Type A

West

26/X1 Sassari, Mus. Sanna. Rend.Vat. 51/2 (1982) 301, fig. 10 (Moscati). Cornelian. BH; on gold hoop C.

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26/X2 Carthage no. 674. Cornelian on gold hoop. BH. Holds trident and fish.

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Other

26/X3 The Hague. Cornelian. Holds trident; dolphin beyond.

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Type C

West

26/X4 Carthage no. 673. Cornelian. BL. Triton, arms missing.

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26/X5 Sternberg, Aukt. 25 (1991) no. 670; Liste 9 (1997) no. 698; Syria 76 (1999) 263, fig. 36. Black stone. BL. Triton, disc-and-crescent.

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26/X6 New York, Rosen 224. Black glass scaraboid. BL. Triton holding wreath.

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Type D

26/X7 Karthago II, no. 154. Clay bulla. BH. Murex shell.

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