31. Satyrs

The subject derives from its treatment in Greek late archaic glyptic, in terms of physique, pose and attributes. The head appears also in some of the joined-head compositions, and two flank a footprint (1/4). The tail is omitted in some versions which are not quite normal in Greek terms, having intimations of hunting, or the addition of a monkey, which may also intrude on otherwise Greek-style subjects (as AGGems no. 424, pl. 30).

A. Head

West

31/1 Ibiza no. 211 (Madrid 37027). BH. Facing head, cross-hatched beard and hair. Cf. the Greek AGGems no. 230, pl. 14. V

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31/2 Carthage no. 594. BH. Facing head; beaded hair. I

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31/3 Carthage no. 546. BH. Profile; beading at neck. III

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B. Running

For Greek examples running with cups cf. AGGems nos. 84, 86, 98, 102 (pls. 6-7).

West

31/4 Ibiza no. 213 (Madrid 37002). BH. With wine amphora. I

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31/5 Ibiza no. 214 (Madrid 36541). BH; on a silver hoop B. With high-stemmed cup, face frontal. I

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31/6 Cagliari 22942, from Tharros. BH. Tailless (?) holding cup and jug, with three feathers(?) vertical on his head, a Bes feature. III

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31/7 Cagliari 9514 (Spano 24), from Tharros. BH. With cup and small amphora.

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31/8 Pres. Ena, from Tharros. Marmora pl. B 108; GazArch 1877, 74, 2. BL. With cup and drinking horn.

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31/9 London no. 393, pl. 7, from Tharros. AG pl. 7.30. BH. Kneeling, with high stemmed kantharos. I

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31/10 Malibu, from Sicily. IR no. 114. BH;PB. With jug, one hand raised; equine feet. I

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Other

31/11 Paris, BN Chandon de Briailles. BH; hatched ground line. To r., looking back, holding long tendril bent over head.

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31/12 Geneva I, no. 152, pl. 62. RSF 8 (1980) pl. 5.1 (Bisi). BH. A rearing lion with head averted has been cut over the front of the satyr's body but is not engaged with the satyr in any way (his farther arm is raised above it) and must be judged an afterthought; but cf. Rosen 215. III

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C. Reclining

This follows the type represented by the name gem of the Master of the London Satyr, AGGems no. 93, pl. 93, cf. nos. 94, 109.

West

31/13 Cagliari 15007, from Caralis. AG pl. 15.20; Ann 1883 pl. G30. BH. Reclines on wineskin, holding an amphora upright, face frontal. From top border what looks like a strigil and aryballos hanging, but perhaps buds. I

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D. Carries woman

The type as AGGems nos. 103-7, pl. 7. The satyrs have equine feet.

West

31/14 Cagliari 19799, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.17; Atti I.Conv.Ital. pl. 13.6. OrAnt 23 (1984) pl. 7.3 (Acquaro). BH;PB. The woman raises an arm. Flower or letter (zayn) below. I

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31/15 Sassari, Mus. Sanna 2881, from Tharros. OrAnt 23 (1984) pl. 7.1-2 (Acquaro). BH.;PB. Two flowers at border.

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E. Tailless hunters?

West

31/16 Ibiza no. 215 (Ibiza 7401). BH. Kneeling-running, looking back at a monkey squatting holding a leaping animal (like a long-nosed hare). Pointed ears. I

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31/17 Cagliari, from Caralis. Taramelli, 160, fig. 75. BH;EXO. Kneeling to r. holding a long object horizontally; pointed ears. Bud at top border.

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Other

31/18 St Petersburg 550. BH; block exergue; holes for inlay - two on head, one at junction of elytra. Squatting, holding a bow and small goat. Heavily muscled, pointed ears. I

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F. Other

31/19 New York, Rosen 215. BH;EXnb. Satyr with equine feet grapples a rearing lion holding its forepaws, in the usual pose for Bes or a king/deity fighting a lion. III

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Other materials

Type A

31/X1 Karthago II, no. 379. Clay bulla. BH. Facing.

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31/X2 Karthago III, no. 64. Clay bulla. Facing.

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Type B

West

31/X3 Cagliari 19797, from Tharros. AG pl. 15.18. Rock crystal. BH. Walks holding jug and small footed amphora (?), an amphora before him.

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31/X4 Cagliari 19798, from Tharros. Cornelian. BH. Runs holding jug and cup; hoofs, tailless.

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31/X5 Coll. Salvatore Corta, from Tharros. Marmora, pl. B 107; Ann 1877, 74, 1. Cornelian. BL. Stands holding jug and cup.

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31/X6 Unknown, from Tunisia. Cornelian. BH. Runs holding wreath.

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East

31/X7 Jerusalem, Rockefeller IAA 34.465, from Tell abu Hawam. QDAP 4 (1935) 18, no. 48; CSAPI I, no. 2. Plain quartz. BH. A dancing satyr? with a uraeus (or jar?) in front. III

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