40. Cattle

A. Facing head, forepart

West

40/1 Cagliari 19817, from Tharros. Atti I.Conv.Ital. pl. 13.7. BH. Facing head, letter above (sin). III

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40/2 Cagliari 9543 (Spano 52), from Tharros. Ebers, pl. H 66. BH. Facing head. IV

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40/3 Sclavo Coll., from Tharros. BAS 3, 184-5. Forepart with extended legs.

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B. Bulls, alone

Walking, kneeling, recumbent, or scratching muzzle with hind leg.

West

40/4 Ibiza no. 123. BH. Walking.

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40/5 Ibiza no. 124 (Ibiza 2894). BL. Walking. II

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40/6 Ibiza no. 125 (Barcleona 9372). BH. Walking. IV

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40/7 Tharros pl. 61e (BM ANE 133169). BH; on silver hoop. Walking. III

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40/8 Cagliari 9557 (Spano 107), from Tharros. BH. Walking, head averted. IV

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40/9 Cagliari 21640, from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 14; Hölbl, Sard no. 242. BL. Walking; winged disc above. III

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40/10 Cagliari 19823, from Tharros. BH. Walking; head facing; crescent and head of an ape above. V

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40/11 Cagliari 9522 (Spano 43), from Tharros. BH. Recumbent, ground line. III

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40/12 Cagliari 9521 (Spano 76), from Tharros. BL. Walking. III/IV

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40/13 Cagliari 9501 (Spano 46), from Tharros. BH. Kneeling. III

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40/14 Cagliari 367, from Tharros. BH. Walking calf. III

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40/15 Cav.Castelli Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. B 62. BH. Walking.

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40/16 Pres. Ena Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. B 90. BH. Kneeling.

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40/17 S. Carta Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. B 61; Studia Punica 1 (1987) pl. 4f (Pisano). BH. Scratching muzzle; star above.

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40/18 Cagliari, from Caralis. Taramelli, 156, fig. 60.

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40/19 Biggio pl. 19.7, from Sulcis. BH.

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40/20 Oxford III, no. 491 (1889.889), from Tharros. BH. Kneeling; inverted bird over back. I

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40/21 Milan, Torno Coll. Studia Punica 1 (1987), pl. 2.3 (Pisano). BH. Scratching muzzle.

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40/22 Carthage no. 587. BL. Walking; disc-and-crescent above.IV

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East

40/23 Boston 27.679, bought in Athens. AGGems no. 478, pl. 33; Nikulina, pl. 372. BL. Scratching muzzle; lotus and bud below.

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40/24 Oxford III, no. 482 (Fortnum G 24), bought at Nazareth. BL. Walking, fish? above.

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Other

40/25 Switzerland, private (W/B no. 702). IV

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C. Cow and calf

The cow's head is turned to the calf unless otherwise described. W.A. Ward discusses the motif and gives an incomplete list of scenes on scarabs in RSF 20 (1992) 67-81. Note the exceptional rear view 40/55.

West

40/26 Ibiza no. 118 (Madrid 36973). BH;PB. Head down. I

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40/27 Ibiza no. 119. BH. Head up. IV

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40/28 Ibiza no. 120 (Ibiza 4171). BH. IV

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40/29 Ibiza no. 121 (Barcelona 9359). BH. III

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40/30 Ibiza no. 122 (Ibiza 3131). BH. III

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40/31 Spain. BH. Head up; cf. the next. V

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40/32 Tharros pl. 61a (BM ANE 133167), London no. 424. BH;PB. Head up. V

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40/33 Tharros pl. 61b (BM ANE 133168), London no. 425. BH;PB. III

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40/34 Tharros pl. 61c (BM ANE 133661), London no. 426. BH. III

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40/35 Cagliari 355. Very worn.

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40/36 Cagliari 356, from Tharros. BH. Studia Punica 1 (1987) pl. 4d (Pisano); Anecd pl. 24.B10. BH. I

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40/37 Cagliari 19822, from Tharros. ArchEsp 56 (1983) pl. 1.1 (Acquaro). BH. Star above; circle and dot in front. I

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40/38 Cagliari 9519 (Spano 109), from Tharros. Ebers, pl. G 37; ArchEsp 56 (1983) pl. 1.4 (Acquaro). BH. Star above. I

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40/39 Cagliari 366, from Tharros. Anecd pl. 24.B9; ArchEsp 56 (1983) pl. 1.2 (Acquaro). BH. Head up. I

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40/40 Cagliari 19824, from Tharros. BH. ArchEsp 56 (1983) pl. 1.3 (Acquaro). Branch in front. III

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40/41 Spano Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. B 88. BH. Branch in front.

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40/42 Cagliari 9516 (Spano 49), from Tharros. BH;EXCR. Ebers, pl. G 38. Head up; disc-and-crescent above. III

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40/43 Cagliari 19825, from Tharros. BH. Head up. II/III

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40/44 Spano Coll., from Tharros. Ebers, pl. G 39. BH. Head up.

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40/45 Cagliari 27796, from Nora. Chiera, pl. 6.4; ArchEsp 56 (1983) pl. 1.5 (Acquaro). BH. Branch at either side; crescent above.

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40/46 Cagliari 27870, from Nora. Chiera, pl. 6.5; ArchEsp 56 (1983) pl. 1.6 (Acquaro). BL. Head up.

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40/47 From Neapolis (Sardinia). Atti II FP (1991) 1308, fig. 6.c-d (Zucca). BH. III

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40/48 Carthage no. 562, from Kerkouan. BL. Head up; star above; branch in front. II/III

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40/49 Carthage no. 563, from Kerkouan. As the last. II/III

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40/50 Carthage no. 564. BH. III

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40/51 Kerkouan Museum. REPPAL 9 (1995) pl. 9.23. BH. III

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40/52 New York, Rosen 189, from Tunisia. BH;PB. Branch in front; two crescents above. III

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East

40/53 Once D. M. Robinson Coll., found in a mummy case in Egypt, 1879 (ex Southesk II, A 26). AJA 57 (1953) pl. 24.46. BH.

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40/54 Byblos II, no. 16983, pl. 201. BL.

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40/55 Jerusalem, Israel Museum 76-42-2420. BH;EXnb. The cow is shown from behind, but looking round at the calf. A bee above.

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Other

40/56 St Petersburg 404. BL. Star above. III

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40/57 Paris, BN, Pauvert no. 61, pl. 5. BH. II/III

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40/58 Paris, BN 1968a (L 1789). BH;PB. III

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40/59 London, Hay. PB.

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Other materials

Type A

40/X1 Carthage no. 716. Grey stone. BL. Forepart.

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Type B

40/X2 Once Southesk O 28, pl. 17. Black jasper scaraboid. BH. Kneeling; disc-and-crescent above.

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Type C

West

40/X3 Ibiza no. 227 (Ibiza 3835). Cornelian. BH;PB. Head turned back.

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40/X4 Ibiza no. 234 (Barcelona 9387). BL;EXO. Calf precedes cow in papyrus thicket.

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40/X5 Hamburg, private, from Ibiza. RSF 20 (1992) pl. 7 (Ward). Silver scarab, pierced across narrow axis. BH.

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40/X6 Carthage no. 660. Cornelian. BH.

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40/X7 Carthage no. 691. Bluish chalcedony scaraboid. BH.

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40/X8 Carthage no. 692. Blue glass. BL.

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East

40/X9 Berlin no. 141, pl. 33 (F 110) from Syria opposite Aradus. AG pl. 7.35. Cornelian. In papyrus thicket.

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Other

40/X10 Munich no. 166, pl. 19 (20047). Clear glass. BH. Head turned back; star above; branch in front.

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Other types

40/X11 Tassie, no. 202 (Sir---Kay). Impression in Oxford. Cornelian. BH;EXCR. Apis bull walking; disc between horns and uraei at either side, and one before head; shoulders crook and flail; human-headed? bird overhead; winged disc above.

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