6. Deities and adorants

These are almost all essentially versions of Egyptian figures and groups, not unlike the subjects of many of the pre-Persian scarabs in the Phoenician and Punic world. I have not assumed that, for example, all the hawk-headed figures need be Horus; they are at any rate often duplicated and much here seems to be religious in tone rather than in specific intent. But some identities are more clearly expressed. Many of the lesser figures are nondescript, with dress features that might be eastern as much as Egyptian.

A. Heads

West

6/1 Ibiza no. 32 (Ibiza 2890). BH. Head of Isis with disc crown with horns; hand raised. III

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6/2 Cagliari 19731, from Tharros. BH. Head of Isis wearing the vulture cap and disc crown with horns; hand raised. III

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6/3 Tharros pl. 54f (BM ANE 133860), London no. 373, pl. 7. LRings no. 287; Hölbl, Sard no. 170. BH; on gold mount with wavy wire sides and hoop A. Facing head of Hathor with sistrum crown resembling a Greek kantharos; pectoral with double-crowned hawk-head finials. I

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6/4 Carthage no. 578. BL. Ram head wearing disc and horns crown over nbw. III

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6/5 Carthage no. 583. Parrot, et al., 179, fig. 191. BL. Facing Hathor head with disc and uraei crown, pectoral, flower at either side. III

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Other

6/6 Boston 27.712. BL. Facing head of Hathor with disc and uraei crown and ornate pectoral; flower at one side. Near replica of the last. III

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B. Winged figure standing, wings up/down.

Isis (?) but seldom with disc crown.

West

6/7 Cagliari 9477, from Tharros (Spano 18). Marmora, pl. A 36; ?Ebers, pl. G 41; Hölbl, Sard no. 92. BH;EXCR. Holding flowers; rosette in front. III

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6/8 Cagliari 350, from Tharros. BL?;EXCR. Crown of disc and horns.

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C. Lion-headed

Sekhmet, or related.

West

6/9 Tharros pl. 55b (BM ANE 133995), London no. 366, pl. 6. Hölbl, Sard no. 176. BH;EXnb;PB. Lion-headed figure with disc crown, hand raised and holding spear-sceptre, before pillar incense-burner. III

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6/10 Cagliari 35113, from Tharros (Gouin). Marmora, pl. A 53; Hölbl, Sard no. 166 (?=166bis). BL. Three frontal goddesses, lion-headed (?), naked to waist, the centre one with lowered wings (the others wrapped around legs?), all disc-crowned; ankh and lotus in field; winged disc above; all on double ground line over hieroglyph (heaven). III

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6/11 Spano Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 54; Hölbl, Sard no. 164. BH. Frontal naked female winged figure, disc-crowned, holding one of a pair of lotuses at each side.

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6.12 S. Carta Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 52; Hölbl, Sard 168; Gubel, Furn no. 59. BH;EXnb. Lion-headed deity with double crown holding spear sceptre; seated before incense-burner.

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6/13 New York, Rosen 198, from Tunisia. Replica of Cagliari 35113 but an unfinished uraeus (?) in field. III

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6/14 Paris, BN, Pauvert no. 25, pl. 4, from South Italy. BL. Lion-headed woman in profile with disc and uraeus crown holding ankh and flower; cartouche behind.

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Other

6/15 Wiegandt, no. 44 (as 'Besa'). BH. Winged naked figure frontal, with disc crown and horns; the figure does not hold the papyri at either side but has an ankh in one hand.

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D. Single figures with animal heads

West

6/16 Ibiza no. 9. BL. Hawk-headed figure with flail before incense-burner. II

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6/17 Ibiza no. 11 (Madrid 36982). Gubel, Furn no. 99. BH;EXnb;PB. Animal-headed figure with double crown, seated, holding spear and (?) tall flower; three flowers at border behind. VI

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6/18 From Villaricos. Astruc, 21, pl. 8.17. BH. Kneeling hawk-headed figure, double crowned.

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6/19 S. Carta Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 51; Hölbl, Sard no. 173. BH;EXCR. Ape-headed figure with disc crown, spear sceptre, hand raised; incense-burner.

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6/20 Spano Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 40; Hölbl, Sard no. 40. BL;EXnb. Figure with disc headdress holding khnum sceptre; incense-burner. II

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6/21 Coll. Chessa, from Tharros. Ebers, pl. F 6; Hölbl, Sard no. 111. BL;EXnb. Falcon-headed figure with waz sceptre and hand raised; cartouche behind; winged disc above; incense-burner. VI

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6/22 Cagliari, from Caralis. Taramelli, 158, fig. 68. BL;EXL. Hawk-headed with spear sceptre before incense-burner. II

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6/23 Tharros pl. 54g (BM ANE 133462), London no. 363. Hölbl, Sard no. 177. BL. Hawk-headed figure with flail standing. II/IV

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6/24 Chessa Coll. from Tharros. Hölbl, Sard no. 178. As the last, disc-crowned, with waz sceptre.

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6/25 From Tharros. Hölbl, Sard no. 179. Hawk-headed figure with disc-and-crescent and ankh.

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6/26 Cagliari. Hölbl, Sard no. 123. Ram-headed figure on Egyptian throne holding lotus stem; atef crown.

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6/27 Carthage no. 581. BL? Ape-headed Thoth seated on nbw.

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6/28

Entry deleted


Other

6/29 New York, Met.Mus. 41.160.548. Scaraboid. BL;EXCR. Hawk-headed, four-winged, holding waz sceptre in each hand.

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E. Pairs of figures, including adorants or gods.

West

6/30 From Villaricos, T.108; Astruc, pl. 20.19; Siret, pl. 19.5,6. BL;EXCR. Two disc-crowned, hawk-headed figures holding ankhs, one hand raised, at either side of an incense-burner; two stars and a winged disc above. VI

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6/31 Arcais Coll., from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 27; Hölbl, Sard no. 42. BL;EXCR. Kneeling figure with pointed cap, hands raised, before disc-crowned figure with flail; lotus between; disc-and-crescent above. II/VI

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6/32 Cagliari 348, from Tharros. Anecd pl. 24.B7; Gubel, Furn no. 110 (ill. as no. 112). BL;EXCR. Standing figure before seated figure, both raise a hand. II

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6/33 Carthage no. 559. Gubel, Furn no. 167. BL;EXCR. Woman (Isis) as the last before hawk-headed disc-crowned deity (Horus), hand raised, holding jug; star, disc-and-crescent and winged disc above. VI

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East

6/34 Istanbul, from Istanbul. R.M. Harrison, Exc. at Sarachane in Istanbul I (1986) 274, no. 705. BL;EXCR. Disc-crowned figure before a seated figure (incomplete); winged disc above.

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6/35 Byblos II, no. 19200. OrAnt 9 (1970) 345, fig. 1.5 (Ward); Biblo pl. 5.5 (Gubel); Nunn no. 1. BL;EXCR. Two-winged Isis before small figure; flower between.

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6/36 Oxford III, no. 473 (1889.425), from coast of Syria. Nunn no. 30. BL;EXCR. Two pointed-cap figures flank an incense-burner; star above. II

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6/37 Paris, Bibl.Nat., de Clercq no. 2752, pl. 18, from Marathus. Nunn no. 29. BL;EXCR. Two simple figures (helmeted?) with a staff between them. II

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6/38 Paris, Bibl.Nat., de Clercq no. 2750, pl. 18 (E25946). Nunn no. 31. BL;EXnb. Pointed-hat figures at either side, holding incense-burner; disc-and-crescent above. II

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Other

6/39 Switzerland, private (W/B no. 692). BL. Two disc-crowned figures, one seated; disc-and-crescent above. II

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6/40 New York, Rosen 218. BL;EXCR. Figure holding sceptre? before a smaller figure holding a staff; disc-and-crescent above. II

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6/41 Paris, BN, Chandon de Briailles. BL;EXnb;PB. Two disc-crowned women hold and raise a hand at a central tree. III

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6/42 Paris, Louvre A 1130; Delaporte II, pl. 104. BL;EXCR;clear white stratum in stone. Two small figures with staffs; in lower register a sphinx. Cypriot? II

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6/43 Paris, BN 1082. BL;EXCR; gable back. Two figures, one disc-crowned, one pointed-cap,before an incense-burner. II

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6/44

Entry deleted


F. Pairs or trios involving an Osiris figure.

For the Isis before Osiris or others see W.A. Ward, OrAnt 9 (1970) 343-354.

West

6/45 Ibiza no. 42 (Ibiza 4752). EXCR; in silver mount. Isis, wings up/down, before Osiris. III

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6/46 Ibiza no. 5 (Madrid 36975). BL;EXCR;PB. Figure with raised hands before Osiris; short pillar between; disc-and-crescent above. II

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6/47 Ibiza no. 7 (once Franco). BL;ECR. Osiris betwen attendants holding animal-head sceptres and down-turned flowers. VI

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6/48 Cagliari 19754, from Tharros. BL;EXCR. Two Isises, wings up/down, holding feathers; Osiris between; winged disc above. II/V

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6/49 Cagliari 9497, from Tharros. BL;EXCR. As the last; between them Osiris (?); winged disc above. VI

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6/50 Tharros pl. 56f (BM ANE 133491), London no. 351, pl. 6. Hölbl, Sard no. 56; OrAnt 9 (1970) 345, fig. 1.4 (Ward); Biblo pl. 5.4 (Gubel). BH. Isis, wings up/down, before Osiris; disc above. II/III

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6/51 Tharros pl. 56h (BM ANE 133321), London no. 350, pl. 6. Hölbl, Sard no. 55; OrAnt 9 (1970) 345, fig. 1.3 (Ward); Biblo pl. 5.3 (Gubel). Orientalia 58 (1989) pl. 14.4 (Hölbl). BL;EXCR. Isis, wings up/down, holding feathers, before Osiris; papyrus stalk between. III

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6/52 Calvi Coll. from Tharros. Hölbl, Sard no. 54. Isis and Osiris.

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6/53 Sassari, Sanna Mus. 2888. Hölbl, Sard no. 57; Along the Routes 78. 'Hard stone'.

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6/54 Cagliari 35121 (Gouin). BL;EXCR. Hawk-headed figure, disc-crowned, holding a feather and one hand raised, wing lowered, before Osiris with flail and crook; star above. II/VI

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6/55 From Sardinia. Pais, La Sardegna prima... 91, pl. 6.8. BL;EXO. Kneeling figure with hands raised before frontal Osiris; ? between; disc-and-crescent above.

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6/56 Carthage no. 565. OrAnt 9 (1970) 345, fig. 1.7 (Ward); Gubel, Furn no. 89; Biblo pl. 5.7 (Gubel). BL;EXCR. Disc-crowned woman holding spear and hand raised (Isis), before Osiris with crook and flail; disc-and-crescent above. II

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6/57 Carthage no. 585. BL;EXnb. Osiris seated, double crown; incense-burner; disc-and-crescent above. II

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East

6/58 Paris, Bibl.Nat., de Clercq no. 2504, pl. 16, from Tartus. Gubel, Furn no. 69 and in Sass/Uehlinger, 118, 42; Bordreuil, no. 25. BL;EXnb;PB. Seated disc-crowned, hawk-headed figure holding flower; in front an ibis-headed adorant, disc-crowned; behind, Osiris with staff; Phoenician inscription Ger'ashtart, and winged disc above. Despite the material this must be a predecessor of the main series. VI

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6/59 Paris, Bibl.Nat., de Clercq no. 2739, pl. 18 (E 25894), from Amrit. Nunn no. 19. BL;EXnb. Two Isises, wings up/down, holding flowers; Osiris between; winged disc above. VI

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6/60 Paris, Bibl.Nat., de Clercq no. 2746, pl. 18 (E 25892). BL;EXCR. Osiris and two pointed-hat figures; crescent above. VI

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6/61 Sarrafian Coll., Beirut. OrAnt 9 (1970) 345, fig. 1.1 (Ward); Biblo pl. 5.1 (Gubel). BL;EXCR. Two-winged Isis and hawk-headed figure with Osiris between.

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Other

6/62 Bonn, Müller Coll. BL;EXV. Osiris between two pointed-cap figures with jugs; disc-and-crescent above. II

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6/63 New York, ANS 167(295). BL;EXZ. Figure with raised arm, before Osiris; disc-and-crescent above. II

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6/64 New York, Rosen 194. BL;EXV. Hawk-headed figure with disc crown, holding a flower (?), before Osiris. II/VI

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6/65 New York, Rosen 201. BL;EXCR. Two Isises, wings up/down, holding feather, with Osiris between; winged disc above. VI

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6/66 London no. 275, pl. 5. BL;EXV. Disc-crowned, hawk-headed figure before Osiris; cartouche above, lotus plant between. VI

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6/67 Copenhagen NM 9471. BL;EXCR. Pointed-cap adorant before Osiris; letters? between. II

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6/68 Geneva, Durr Coll. BL;EXZ. Adorant before Osiris; disc-and-crescent above. II

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G. Single deities and nondescript figures, divine or mortal

Several are more Levantine than egyptianizing.

West

6/69 Madrid 79122, from Aliseda. Nicolini, pl. 79.122. In gold mount and on hoop A. Figure with pointed cap holding a lotus stem with other hand raised.

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6/70 Ibiza no. 10 (Ibiza 4144). BL. Figure with crook and flail raises hand before incense-burner. IV

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6/71 Ibiza no. 21 (Ibiza 2579). Gubel, Furn no. 91. BH. Seated figure with red crown on a boat with papyrus terminals and with papyrus stalks at either side. VI

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6/72 Ibiza no. 22 (Ibiza 1971). Gubel, Furn no. 92. BH. Seated figure between incense-burners, on a boat. VI

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6/73 Ibiza no. 38 (Madrid 36985). BL;EXnb;PB. Four-winged woman with disc crown, holding feathers; crossed lotus stems beyond. VI

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6/74 Ibiza no. 60 (Barcelona 9363). BH;EXO;PB. Goddess holding spear and axe (?) standing on the back of a lion; incense-burner; a uraeus? behind. An uncommon theme for the series though long known in lands north of Phoenicia. III

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6/75 Cagliari, from Tharros. Marmora, pl. A 40; Hölbl, Sard no. 40. Disc-crowned figure holding waz sceptre before incense-burner.

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6/76 Cagliari. Hölbl, Sard no. 41. Figure holding waz sceptre.

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6/77 Chessa Coll., from Tharros. Ebers, pl. H 84; Hölbl, Sard no.133. HL;EXCR. Two figures with pointed caps.

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6/78 Carthage no. 577. BL. Kneeling figure, hand raised. Incised only.

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East

6/79 Paris, Bibl.Nat., de Clercq no. 2709, pl. 18. BL; unfinished stone. Simple figure with staff. VI

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Other

6/80 New York, Rosen 223. BL. Adorant with flail? IV

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6/81 Sternberg, Aukt. 33 (1997) no. 1269. BL; in gold mount. Seated figure with double crown holding khnum sceptre.

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Other materials

Type A

6/X1 Carthage no. 688. Chalcedony? In gold mount. Profile head with short hair, wearing pectoral

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Type D

West

6/X2 Cagliari 35119. Cornelian. BL;EXO. Anubis wearing atef crown, seated, holding lotus flower.

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6/X3 Cagliari 35127. Agate. BL; on gold mount and hoop B. Animal-headed? figure, skirted, with hand raised, holding was sceptre.

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6/X4 Sassari 978. Hölbl, Sard no. 49. Cornelian. In gold mount and hoop. Male with hand to head; large uraeus with 'shield' behind.6/X5 Carthage no. 715. 'Sorte de jade'. BH. Ram-headed figure with atef crown; flowers? at either side; winged disc above.

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6/X5 Carthage no. 715. 'Sorte de jade'. BH. Ram-headed figure with atef crown; flowers? at either side; winged disc above.

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Other

6/X6 Once Southesk O 5. Gubel, Furn no. 116. Burnt sard. BL;EXZ. Hawk-headed, seated before incense-burner; winged disc above.

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Type E

West

6/X7 Cagliari 35137. Cornelian. BL;EXO. Disc-crowned woman behind and touching the shoulder of a male wearing an atef crown, skirted; other figure missing.

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6/X8 Carthage no. 695. Agate. BL;EXnb; in gold mount. Disc-crowned Isis, wings up/down, faces male with atef crown? disc-and crescent and winged disc above.

No image available


East

6/X9 New York, Rosen 19. Agate. BL. Cypriot inscription in exergue: a-ne. Two figures with hawk heads (?), wings up/down, holding each a feather and a flower (?); between them Horus squatting on a papyrus. All on a boat with bird-head terminals.

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6/X10 Jerusalem IAA 73-204 (once Lefkovitz). AJBA 1 (1968) 103, pl. 5A (Culican); CSAPI no. 6.

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6/X11 From Akko. Clay bulla EXCR. Isis (?) disc-crowned; at left lion-headed figure or torso adoring; at right another figure (?); devices and winged disc above; all rather indistinct. VI

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6/X12 London, BM ANE 65416, from Byblos. Biblo pl. 6.3 (Gubel). Cornelian. BL;EXnb. Two pointed-cap figures at incense-burner; two discs-and-crescents above, and winged disc. II

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Other

6/X13 Paris, BN, de Luynes 231. Aréthuse 5 (1928) pl. 7(8).10. Cornelian. BL;EXCR; in gold mount. Disc-crowned, hawk-headed figure and an adorant; incense-burner between; star and disc-and-crescent above. II

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6/X14 London, BM ANE 91133? Cornelian. BH;EXnb. Two pointed-cap figures at incense-burner. Two discs-and-crescents and a winged disc above.

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Type F

West

6/X15 Carthage no. 659. OrAnt 9 (1970) 345, fig. 1.2; Biblo pl. 5.2 (Gubel). Cornelian. BL. Two-winged Isis before Osiris.

No image available

6/X16 Carthage no. 696. Grey stone. BL.EXV. Isis, wings up/down, before Osiris.

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Other

6/X17 Switzerland, private (W/B no. 694). Green glazed faience. BL;EXZ. Disc-crowned figure in kilt before Osiris. III

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6/X18 Paris, BN, Chandon de Briailles. Cream jasper. EXCR. Two-winged Isis holding flowers. Winged disc and disc-and-crescent above; Osiris mainly missing.

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Type G

West

6/X19 Carthage no. 667. Cornelian. BH. Maat seated, holding feather.

No image available

6/X20 Carthage no. 670. Cornelian. BH; in gold mount. Figure with pointed cap and short skirt, holding waz sceptre.

No image available

6/X21 Carthage no. 689. Agate. In gold mount and hoop A. Standing, holding papyrus.

No image available

6/X22 Carthage no. 714. Blue, lapis? Standing, holding waz sceptre; branch behind.

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Other

6/X23 Paris, BN, de Luynes 241. Aréthuse 5 (1928) pl. 7(8).11; AG pl. 15.*. Rock crystal. BL;EXCR; on gold mount. Four-winged male wearing a kilt, with winged heels, holding up feathers, with a pointed headdress with flower and uraeus at the forehead.

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