Studies in the History of Collections

Volume I
The Reception of Classical Art in Britain
An Oxford Story of Plaster Casts from the Antique

Table of contents

 

Author's Introduction

vii

 

Acknowledgements

ix

 

 

 

 

Part I

 

 

 

 

1.

Copies of classical sculpture

1

 

Ancient Roman copyists at Baiae

1

 

Squarcione's casts for artists in 15th century Padua

2

 

 

 

2.

Early collections of classical sculpture in Italy

5

 

Italian travellers in Greek lands

18

 

'Antiquities Gardens'

18

 

Engravings of classical sculpture

19

 

 

 

3.

The earliest collections of classical art in Britain

21

 

Henry VIII and Nonsuch Palace

38

 

William Camden, Robert Cotton and early academies

39

 

Prince Henry's cabinet

40

 

King Charles I and his court

41

 

Arundel, Rubens, and Peiresc

41

 

Castiglione's Il Libro del Cortegiano and Peacham's Compleat Gentleman

43

 

Bodley's benefaction and Oxford's 'Picture Gallery'

45

 

Evelyn and the Arundel Marbles

46

 

Tradescant, Ashmole and the Ashmolean Museum

47

 

 

 

4.

Preparation for the Grand Tour

49

 

Early guide books

49

 

The Richardsons

50

 

 

 

5.

Sir Roger Newdigate (1719-1806) and his era

53

 

The first Grand Tour 1738-1740

77

 

The Tribuna of the Uffizi

78

 

Buying casts from Cipriani in Florence 1739

79

 

Arbury Hall and the Duchess of Pomfret

80

 

The Pomfret Benefaction 1755

80

 

 

 

6.

Classical archaeology 1740-1774

85

 

 

 

7.

The second Grand Tour 1774-1775

103

 

Buying casts from Traballese in Florence

117

 

Displaying casts at Arbury Hall

117

 

The Queen's College and Newdigate's Wild Boar

118

 

The Radcliffe Library and 'Piranesi's Candlesticks'

118

 

Newdigate's 'temple for classical art'

120

 

The Newdigate Prize

121

 

 

 

8.

Continental cast collections before 1800

123

 

 

 

9.

British cast collections before 1800

127

 

 

 

10.

The early nineteenth century: an introduction

133

 

 

 

11.

The Duncan brothers, John Shute and Philip Bury

140

 

The Radcliffe Library and antique busts

149

 

Bodleian 'Picture Gallery', Henning's casts and Fouquets' models

150

 

Radcliffe Library and plaster casts from the antique

152

 

The Duncans as patrons of classical art

152

 

 

 

12.

The University Galleries 1839-1845

155

 

Dr Francis Randolph and Sir Robert Taylor

171

 

Charles Robert Cockerell (1788-1863)

172

 

Design of Taylor's Library

173

 

Design of the exhibition areas in the University Galleries

173

 

Cockerell's 'Great Niche'

174

 

Duncans' Muses

174

 

 

 

13.

Sir Francis Chantrey

177

 

Lady Chantrey's benefaction

183

 

Chantrey as a collector of antique casts

184

 

Chantrey's casts from the antique

185

 

 

 

14.

Museums in mid-nineteenth century Oxford

189

 

Burgon's Remarks on Art

194

 

Ruskin and the Drawing School

195

 

Charles Newton and his Oxford lectures

196

 

 

 

15.

The Classical Museum

199

 

 

 

16.

The Great Exhibition and the Cast Courts of the Crystal Palace

201

 

 

 

17.

Museums in Oxford 1860-1884

205

 

The University Museum

205

 

The Ashmolean Museum and John Henry Parker

205

 

Parliamentary Commission of 1877

206

 

German museums and German scholarship

207

 

Walter Pater's lectures on Greek art

207

 

 

 

18.

Cambridge 1870-1884

209

 

 

 

19.

Benjamin Jowett's Vice-Chancellorship 1882-1886

211

 

Pelham and the Cast Committee

216

 

Casts ordered in 1884

217

 

 

 

20.

Archaeological research in Europe before 1884

219

 

 

 

21.

Archaeological research in Oxford before 1884

225

 

 

 

 

Part II

 

 

 

 

1.

Introduction

231

 

 

 

2.

Establishment of the Professorship

233

 

Lincoln College and Mark Pattison

233

 

Ancient History and Archaeology

233

 

 

 

3.

Percy Gardner (1887-1925)

237

 

The Gardner brothers

255

 

Percy's Inaugural Lecture

255

 

Casts ordered

256

 

The Chantrey casts

258

 

The 'Sunk Court' and the apparatus

260

 

Casts on the move

260

 

The Evanses

263

 

Arthur Evans and Fortnum

263

 

University Galleries and Ashmolean Museum 1894

264

 

Casts ordered in 1894

265

 

The 'Sunk Court' and the Chantrey casts

268

 

Newton's books and the Archaeological Library

269

 

Warren and Marshall

271

 

Gardner's first decade

271

 

Portrait busts

272

 

Barracco's Museo di Scultura antica

275

 

Gardner, Richards and Beazley

275

 

Amalgamation of the collections 1908

277

 

Warren and Beazley

278

 

Hogarth's master plan

279

 

The Great War 1913-1918

280

 

Warren, Marshall and the 'Boston Throne'

280

 

Gardner's Guide to the casts

281

 

The Hope sale

282

 

Post-war

283

 

The Coin Room

284

 

Gardner's Progress in Classical Archaeology

285

 

 

 

4.

John Davidson Beazley (1925-1956)

287

 

Early years at Oxford

291

 

Testimonials for the Professorship

291

 

Beazley and the casts

292

 

The 1930s

297

 

War and destruction of Duncan and Chantrey casts

298

 

Beazley's A Catalogue of Casts

299

 

Post-War

299

 

Oxford Monographs on Classical Archaeology

299

 

Planning for the future

300

 

 

 

5.

Bernard Ashmole (1956-1961)

303

 

Early years and photography

307

 

London years, Inaugural Lecture Value of Casts

308

 

'Persuaded' to Oxford

308

 

The new Cast Gallery

308

 

Cleaning the casts

309

 

 

 

6.

Martin Robertson (1961-1979)

311

 

Early years and Beazley

313

 

The University's purchase and Beazley's gift

314

 

Departure of the Ruskin School of Drawing

314

 

 

 

7.

John Boardman (1979-1994)

317

 

Reader for Ashmole and Robertson

329

 

Artists and exhibitions in the Cast Gallery

329

 

The Baiae casts

330

 

Midas and Philip

330

 

Electronic documentation of the casts

331

 

Impressions of engraved gems and cameos

332

 

The Wellcome Benefaction

333

 

 

 

 

Chronological chart

341

 

Catalogue of casts, compiled by Florence Maskell

383

 

List of abbreviations

 

 

Bibliography

 

 

Index (general)

 

 

Index of persons

 

 

Index of museums