- West pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia c. 470-457 BC
The early Classical temple of Zeus
at Olympia has pedimental subjects
which relate to Zeus, as guardian of oaths, and Apollo,
as upholder of law (at the battle with the centaurs,
- Cast of Olympia metope No. 10.
Herakles supports the heavens as Atlas brings the apples of the Hesperides.
Cast No. A069
Herakles, associated with
the foundation of the sanctuary, is represented by his Labours set in
metopes placed unusually over the porch doors and not over the outer columns of the temple.
The mainly Doric buildings
of Athens' building programme
from the mid-5th century to its end carry scenes more related to Athens' history, through myth, than to cult. The Hephaisteion
metopes share the honours between Theseus and Herakles, at one
end of the temple only; it also introduces friezes over the inner porch walls, with what seems to be an Athenian mythical encounter,
and a centauromachy (below). This placing of friezes in the porch appears also in a new temple
- West frieze of the temple of Hephaestus in Athens. c. 430 BC
The Parthenon carries
this use of friezes further by
placing a continuous frieze round the whole central block of the building. The sculpture subjects seem to relate closely to the
building's subsidiary role as celebration of Athens' success against the Persians: the
birth of Athena and her winning
the land of Attica in the
pediments; metopes with Amazon fights, the sack of Troy, centauromachy, and the Gods fighting Giants -
- East pediment of the Parthenon. The Basel reconstruction (by Berger)
- Casts lab of the west frieze of the Parthenon
- and the frieze with a heroic procession of cavalier citizens led to the presence of the Twelve Gods.
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