Anatolian monuments

The native states of Anatolia, in Caria and Lycia, under Persian control in the 5th/4th centuries BC, were strongly influenced by Greek style in the decoration of their grave monuments, which are unlike the Greek in being mainly above-ground and often architecturally elaborate. Early examples and the Mausoleum were carved by Greek artists, but many in Lycia have a distinctive graecizing style developed locally.

'Harpy Tomb'
  • The 'Harpy Tomb', from Xanthos. About 470 BC. The reliefs were set at the top of a high pillar.
Photo of Cast of woman running
Photo of 'Nereid Monument'
  • The 'Nereid Monument', from Xanthos, Lycia. Early 4th century BC. A tomb in the form of a temple on a raised base.
Photo of Cast of woman running
'Nereid Monument' reliefs
  • The 'Nereid Monument' reliefs show court scenes, hunting and fighting.

The Mausoleum at Halikarnassos. Mausolus was a Carian king. The tomb, which gives its name to all 'mausolea' is four-square on a raised base, with relief and in-the-round sculpture executed by invited Greek sculptors rather than local Ionian ones. Mid-4th century BC. The sculptures are in London.

Drawing of Mausoleum reconstruction
  • Reconstruction of the Mausoleum at Halikarnassos. About 300-350 BC. G. Waywell/S.Bird
Photo of relief panel from Mausoleum
  • One relief panel from the Amazonomachy frieze of the Mausoleum
Photo of Cast of one relief panel
Photo of Cast of statue of Mausolus
Photo of Cast of Amazon from frieze
Photo of Cast of charioteer from frieze

Casts of an Amazon and a charioteer from the Amazonomachy and Chariot friezes.
Cast Nos. A139 and A140

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