Ancient authors and modern archaeologists
The first certain identification came in 1849 when a marble statue of a youth was found in the Trastevere district of Rome (right). The athletic physique and the action of scraping the body clean with a strigil enabled the German archaeologist Emil Braun to recognise a copy of the bronze Apoxyomenos made by the Greek sculptor Lysippos in the fourth century BC. Pliny described the statue in his Natural History, written in the first century AD. He tells how it was brought to Rome and set up outside the Baths of Agrippa, how the emperor Tiberius liked the statue so much that he had it moved to his bedroom, and how the populace campaigned for its reinstatement. When a marble copy was discovered in Rome it was considered so important that it was restored by the contemporary sculptor Pietro Tenerani, and published by architect and antiquarian Luigi Canina.