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204683, ATHENIAN, London, British Museum, London, British Museum, London, British Museum, 1873.0820.375

  • Vase Number: 204683
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: SKYPHOS
  • Provenance: ITALY, CAPUA, BRYGOS TOMB
  • Date: -500 to -450
  • Inscriptions: HIERON
    Named: PEREPHATTA
    Signature: HIERONEPOIESEN
  • Attributed To: HIERON POTTER by SIGNATURE
    MAKRON by BEAZLEY
  • Decoration: A: TRIPTOLEMOS SEATED IN WINGED CHARIOT, WITH CORN AND PHIALE, DEMETER WITH CORN AND TORCH (IN HIMATION WITH WINGED FIGURES, CHARIOTS, DOLPHINS, BIRDS AND PALMETTES), PERSEPHONE (PEREPHATTA) WITH OINOCHOE AND TORCH, ELEUSIS WITH FLOWER (ALL NAMED)
    B: DIONYSOS WITH STAFF (THYRSOS ?) BETWEEN AMPHITRITE, WITH DOLPHIN, AND ZEUS, WITH THUNDERBOLT, GOOSE
    Under handle 1: EUMOLPOS (NAMED) SEATED WITH SCEPTRE
    Under handle 2: POSEIDON (NAMED) SEATED WITH DOLPHIN AND SCEPTRE
  • Current Collection: London, British Museum: E140
  • Previous Collections:
    • London, British Museum: 1873.0820.375
    • London, British Museum: 1873.8-20.375
  • Publication Record: 150 Jahre Antikensammlungen in Karlsruhe, Badisches Landesmuseum 1838-1988: 146, NO.103.6
    American Journal of Archaeology: 96 (1992), 625-626, 634, FIGS.6-9, 24.2.3 (A, B, AH)
    Batino, S., Lo skyphos attico dall'iconografia alla funzione (Naples, 2002): 467, FIG.34 (A)
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 459.3, 481, 1654
    Beazley, J.D., Attische Vasenmaler des rotfigurigen Stils (Tübingen, 1925): 211.2
    Beazley, J.D., Paralipomena (Oxford, 1971): 377
    Benndorf, O., Wiener Vorlegeblätter für archaeologische Übungen (Vienna, 1888-1890/91): A, PL.7
    Boschung, D., Greub, T., and Hammerstaedt, J. (eds.), Geographische Kenntnisse und ihre konkreten Ausformungen (Munich, 2013): 93-4, FIGS.1-2 (A, B)
    Brinkmann, V. (ed.), Athen. Triumph der Bilder. Eine Ausstellung der Liebighaus Skulpturensammlung, Frankfurt am Main 4.Mai bis 4.September 2016 (Frankfurt, 2016): 164, NO.37 (COLOUR OF UH1)
    Bundrick, S.D., Athens, Etruria, and the Many Lives of Greek Figured Pottery (Madison, 2019): 83, FIG.3.21 (A)
    Burn, L. and Glynn, R., Beazley Addenda (Oxford, 1982): 119
    Carpenter, T.H., Art and Myth in Ancient Greece (London, 1991): FIG.41 (A)
    Carpenter, T.H., Dionysian Imagery in Fifth-Century Athens (Oxford, 1997): PL.43 (PART OF B)
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 243
    Cerchiai, L., I Campani (Milan, 1995): PL.34.1 (A)
    Clark, A.J. and Gaunt, J., Essays in Honor of Dietrich von Bothmer, Allard Pierson Series 14 (Amsterdam, 2002): PL.46B (A)
    Clinton, K., Myth and Cult, The Iconography of the Eleusinian Mysteries (Stockholm, 1992): PLS.78-79 (A, B, DRAWINGS)
    Colpo, I. et al. (eds.), Iconografia 2001, Studi sull'immagine, Atti del Convegno (Padova, 30 maggio - 1 giugno 2001) (Rome, 2002): 80, 82, FIGS.1-3 (A, B)
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: LONDON, BRITISH MUSEUM 4, III.IC.3-III.IC.4, PL.(221) 28.2A-D View Whole CVA Plates
    Furtwängler, A. and Reichhold, K., Griechische Vasenmalerei (Munich, 1904-32): III, 259, FIG.122, PL.161
    Hambidge, J., Dynamic symmetry; the Greek vase (New Haven, 1920): I, 114-115
    Hamdorf, D., Dionysos, Bacchus, Kult und Wandlungen des Weingottes (Munich, 1986): 84-85, PLS.47-48 (A, B)
    Hayashi, T., Bedeutung und Wandel des Triptolemosbildes vom 6.-4. Jh.v.Chr., Beiträge zur Archäologie 20 (Würzburg, 1992): PL.5, NO.45 (A)
    Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens: 69 (2000) 274, FIGS.8-9 (UH)
    Hoppin, A., A handbook of Attic red-figured vases signed by or attributed to the various masters of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. (Cambridge, 1919): II, 61
    International Congress of Classical Archaeology, 12, Athens, 1983. Praktika, 2-3 Tou XII Diethnous Synedriou Klasikes Archaiologias, Athena, 4-10 Sep: VOL.B, PL.38.1 (PART OF A)
    Jost, M., Aspects de la vie religieuse en Grece, Du debut du Ve siecle a fin du IIIe siecle av. J.-C. (Paris, 1992): 297, FIG.13 (DRAWING OF A)
    Journal des Savants: JULY-DECEMBER 1996, 268, FIG.5 (PART OF A)
    Journal of Hellenic Studies: 119 (1999) PL.9C (UH)
    Kunisch, N., Makron (Mainz, 1997): 14, 32-33, 36, FIGS.8, 17-19.319, PL.107.319 (INCL. PROFILE)
    Kéi, N., L'esthétique des fleurs, kosmos, poikilia et kharis dans la céramique attique du VIe et du Ve siècle av. n. ère, ICON 22 (Berlin and Boston, 2022): 85, 116, FIGS.61, 88A-B (A, B, UH)
    Lapatin, K., Luxus. The Sumptuous Arts of Greece and Rome (Los Angeles, 2015): 187, FIG.36(COLOUR OF PART OF A)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: IV, PL.586, DEMETER 344 (A)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VII, PL.376, POSEIDON 251 (PART)
    Metis: 5 (1990) 1-2, 73, FIG.19 (DRAWINGS OF A AND B)
    Metropolitan Museum Journal: 26 (1991) 71, FIG.35 (AH)
    Meyer, M., Athena, Göttin von Athen. Kult und Mythos auf der Akropolis bis in klassische Zeit, Wiener Forschungen zur Archäologie 16 (Vienna, 2017): 646, FIGS.377-378 (COLOUR OF A AND UH1)
    Mikalson, J.D., Ancient Greek Religion (Malden, 2005): 86, FIG.IV.11 (A)
    Monumenti inediti pubblicati dall'Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica (Rome, 1829-91): IX, PL.43
    Morais, R., Leao, D., and Rodriguez Perez, D. (eds.), Greek Art in Motion, Studies in Honour of Sir John Boardman on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday (Oxford, 2019): 153-154, 157, FIGS.1-2, 5, 158, FIG.6 TOP CENTRE, 161, FIG.9 (COLOUR OF A, B, UH, AND PART OF A)
    Morford, M. et al., Classical Mythology, International Ninth Edition (Oxford, 2011): 344 (A)
    Numismatica e Antichita Classiche, Quaderni Ticinesi: 18 (1989) PL.2.4 (DRAWING OF A)
    Oakley, J., The Greek Vase, Art of the Story Teller (London, 2013): 18, FIG.9K, 63, FIG.24 (COLOUR OF A AND PART OF A)
    Oakley, J.H. (ed.), Athenian Potters and Painters, Volume III (Oxford and Philadelphia, 2014): 178, FIG.3 (B)
    Oakley, J.H. et al., Athenian Potters and Painters, The Conference Proceedings (Oxford, 1997): 346, FIG.5 (PART OF A)
    Pfuhl, E., Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen (Munich, 1923): FIG.437 (B)
    Regoli, C. (ed.) Mode e Modelli, Fortuna e insuccesso nella circolazione di cose e idee (Rome, 2012): 200, FIG.2 (A)
    Rivista di Archeologia: 19 (1995) GHEDINI FIG.8 (PART OF A)
    Shapiro, H.A., Art and Cult under the Tyrants in Athens (Mainz, 1989): PL.34
    Smith, A.C., Polis and Personification in Classical Athenian Art (Leiden, 2011): FIG.3.8 (A)
    Sourvinou-Inwood, C., Athenian Myths and Festivals, Aglauros, Erechtheus, Plynteria, Panathenaia, Dionysia (Oxford, 2011): 114, FIG.1 (UH1)
    Sparkes, B.A., The Red and the Black (London, 1996): 136, FIG.V.13.2.3 (A)
    Spivey, N. and Rasmussen, T. (eds.) Looking at Greek Vases (Cambridge, 1991): 107, FIG.42 (PART)
    Stansbury-O'Donnell, M.D., Looking at Greek Art (Cambridge, 2011): 97, FIG.41 (A)
    The Athenian Agora, Results of Excavations conducted by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens: 31 (1998), PLS.20-21 (A, B, UH)
    Thesaurus Cultus et Rituum Antiquorum: PL.57.23 (A)
    Tiverios, M.A., Elliniki techni, archaia angaia (Athens, 1996): 158-159, FIGS.135-136 (COLOUR OF PART OF A AND B)
    Tsiaphaki, D., I Thraki stin attiki eikonographia tou 5ou aiona p. Ch., Prosengiseis stis scheseis Athinas kai Thrakis (Komotini, 1998): 358, FIG.36B (UH)
    Whittaker, H. (ed.), In Memoriam, Commemoration, Communal Memory and Gender Values in the Ancient Graeco-Roman World (Newcastle, 2011): 13, FIG.1.4 (DRAWING OF PART OF A)
    Williams, D., The East Pediment of the Parthenon, from Perikles to Nero (London, 2013): 43, FIG.43 (COLOUR OF A)
    Workshop di archeologia classica. Paesaggi, costruzioni, reperti: 5 (2008) 15, FIG.4 (B)
    Zachari, V. et al. (eds.), La cite des regards: Autour de Francois Lissarrague (Rennes, 2019): 147, FIG.9 (A)
    Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik: 193 (2015) 136, FIG.3 (UH1)
  • AVI Web: https://www.avi.unibas.ch/DB/searchform.html?ID=4673
  • AVI Record Number: 4501
  • LIMC ID: 1057
  • LIMC Web: http://ark.dasch.swiss/ark:/72163/080e-73b270dabcf83-d
  • CAVI Collection: London E 140.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF skyphos. From Capua. Makron. First quarter fifth. Ca. 480. Ca. 485 (Buschor). Hauptwerk II (Kunisch).
  • CAVI Subject: A-B: Sending Out of Triptolemos: A: Demeter to right; Triptolemos in his vehicle to right, with phiale and ears of grain; Persephone to left, pouring; Eleusis to left; under a handle, seated to right with scepter, but looking back: Eumolpos. B: Zeus with scepter to right; Dionysus with ivy branches on his staff, to right; Amphitrite to left but looking back; under the other handle, seated, Poseidon, to left but also looking back; swan to right.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: A: Δεμετρε (downward){2}. Τριπ{π}τολεμος (horizontal). Φεροφαττα (upward). Ελευσις (woman; downward). Ευμολπ{π}ος. B: Ζευς (horizontal). Διονυσος. Ανφιτριτε (downward). Ποσειδον. On handle B/A, [not A/B!] horizontal, Gr.: hιερον εποιεσεν.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} 34, b shows the Hieron Gr. signature horizontally on the outside of one handle. {2} see Threatte (1996), 116.
  • CAVI Comments: Found with London E 65, q.v. On the myth, see FR. Beazley, lecture, p. 96: "This is not exactly a learned picture, but very nearly; and one sometimes wonders if the painter has not been in consultation with a learned man. Perhaps with a member of the Eumolpid family? Or perhaps with a poet, a native of Eleusis?" Beazley also discusses the winged throne (not chariot), Eleusis, and Eumolpus as a poet. -This and the other skyphos by Makron (Louvre G 146) have (in the signature) four-stoke sigma; one has tailed rho. These are rare on the cups (so Cohen). Cf. also her n. 124. - For the signature, see AttScr (1990), 89, Cohen, p. 70 and Kunisch. [The position is unusual, as are the letter forms; the lettering in the scenes is quite different, I think.] Skyphos-type horizontal handles (cf. Kunisch, p. 15). - Attic alphabet. Wavy and irregular lines. Horizontal strokes also somewhat wavy. Three-stroke Sigma (in the scene) and four-stroke (in the signature). Tailed rho in both, but not pointed in the signature. The writing of the signature seems quite different from that on Boston 13.186.
  • CAVI Number: 4501
  • AVI Bibliography: [[Helbig (1872), 41f./2]]. — FR (1904–32), iii, 259-63, pl. 161 (dr.) and p. 259. — Dittenberger (1915–24), [[no.]] 1117. — H.B. Walters, CVA London 4, Great Britain 5 (1929), III I c, pl. 28,2a-d (much bibl.). — Beazley (1945), 156-57. — ARV[2] (1963), 459/3 (much bibl.), 481, 1654. — Para. (1971), 377. — Bothmer (1982), 45. — Add.[2] (1989), 243 (much bibl.). — Beazley (1989), 95-96, pls. 78-79 (museum photos and drs. after FR iii, pl. 161). — Shapiro (1989), pl. 34,a-d{1}. — AttScr (1990), no. 560. — Cohen (1991), 70, fig. 35. — Barber (1992), 115, fig. 73 (A, part). (Shows parts of 2 inscriptions). — Hayashi (1992), 14, 137/45, pl. 5,2. — D. Williams (1992a), 625-26, figs. 6-9 (fig. 8 is the same picture of sig. as that listed in note 1 below). — Isler-Kerényi (1993), 626. — Kunisch (1997), 7, 8, 15, 100 n. 402, 131f. and n. 622, 194/319, figs. 8, 17-19, pl. 107 (shows part of signature; traces of other inscriptions) (much bibl.).
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
  • Image Credits: FURTWANGLER-REICHHOLD DRAWING: Please consult with Williams College Special Collections staff and Williams College Visual Resources Center staff, regarding questions about publishing and accessing materials from Williams College Special Collections. Researchers are responsible for handling any copyright issues that may be associated with collections and materials.
  • Pleiades URI: https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/432754
  • Coordinates: 41.100278,14.221244
  • Pleiades Coordinates: 41.0860925,14.250207
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