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203900, ATHENIAN, Paris, Musée du Louvre, G152

  • Vase Number: 203900
  • Fabric: ATHENIAN
  • Technique: RED-FIGURE
  • Shape Name: CUP
  • Provenance: ITALY, ETRURIA, VULCI
  • Date: -500 to -450
  • Inscriptions: BRYGOS
    Inscription: AKAMAS, POLYCHSENE, PRIAMOS, NEOPTOLEMOS
    Inscription: BRISEES, PHOINICHS
    Inscription: HYPEROS, ORISMENES, ANDROMACHE, ASTYANACHS
    Named: ASTYANAX
    Named: BRISEIS, PHOINIX
    Named: POLYXENE
    Signature: BRYGOSEPOIESEN
  • Attributed To: BRYGOS by SIGNATURE
  • Decoration: A,B: ILIOUPERSIS, PRIAM SEATED ON ALTAR AND NEOPTOLEMOS WITH ASTYANAX, POLYXENE AND AKAMAS (ALL NAMED), WARRIORS, SOME FALLEN, ANDROMACHE AND ASTYANAX (BOTH NAMED), WOMAN FLEEING, DEVICES, LION, SNAKE
    I: PHOINIX SEATED WITH PHIALE, BRISEIS WITH OINOCHOE, SHIELD DEVICE, BULL, BOTH NAMED
  • Current Collection: Paris, Musée du Louvre: G152
  • Publication Record: 7/8 (1976/77) 263, FIG.22B (DRAWING OF PART OF B)
    Antike Welt: 8 (1977) SINDERNUMMER 54, FIG.69 (I)
    Apollo: 113 (MAY 1981) 280, FIG.1 (A)
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1963): 369.1, 398, 1649
    Beazley, J.D., Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, 1st ed. (Oxford, 1942): 245.1
    Beazley, J.D., Attische Vasenmaler des rotfigurigen Stils (Tübingen, 1925): 176.3
    Beazley, J.D., Paralipomena (Oxford, 1971): 365
    Benndorf, O., Wiener Vorlegeblätter für archaeologische Übungen (Vienna, 1888-1890/91): VIII, PL.4
    Bentz, M. and Kästner, U. (eds.), Konservieren oder restaurieren: Die Restaurierung griechischer Vasen von der Antike bis heute, Beiheft zum Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Deutschland III (Munich, 2007): 32, FIGS.7-8 (PARTS OF I AND A)
    Berard, C. (ed.), Images et societe en Grece ancienne, L'iconographie comme methode d'analyse, Cahiers d'Archeologie Romande 36 (Lausanne, 1987): 208, FIG.13 (PART OF A)
    Boardman, J., Athenian Red Figure Vases (London, 1975): FIG.245 (I,A)
    Bol, P. (ed.), Zum Verhaltnis von Raum und Zeit in der griechischen Kunst (2003): PL.7, FIGS.12-13 (A AND PART OF A)
    Boulter, C. (ed.), Greek Art, Archaic into Classical (Leiden, 1985): PL.55 (I)
    Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Hommes et Dieux de la Grece Antique (1.10-2.12.1982): 154-55, NO.90 (I,A,B)
    Burn, L. and Glynn, R., Beazley Addenda (Oxford, 1982): 111
    Buschor, E., Griechische Vasenmalerei (Munich, 1914): 168-9 (A, B)
    Cambiano, G. et al., Lo spazio letterario della Grecia Antica (Salerno, 1992): PL.10 (COLOUR OF B)
    Carpenter, T.H., with Mannack, T. and Mendonca, M., Beazley Addenda, 2nd edition (Oxford, 1989): 224
    Charbonneaux, J., Martin, R., and Villard, F., Archaic Greek Art (London, 1971): 349, FIG.401 (B)
    Dalby, A., Siren Feasts, A history of food and gastronomy in Greece (London, 1996): 151, FIG.28 (I)
    Forschungen und Funde: Festschrift B. Neutsch (Innsbruck, 1980): PL.78.5 (B)
    Francis, E.D., Vickers, M. (ed.), Image and Idea in Fifth-Century Greece (London, 1990): FIG.14 (DRAWINGS OF A AND B)
    Furtwängler, A. and Reichhold, K., Griechische Vasenmalerei (Munich, 1904-32): PL.25 (A, B, I)
    Giuliani, L., Image and myth, a history of pictorial narration in Greek art (Chicago, 2013): 182, FIG.44A-B (A, B)
    Hedreen, G., Capturing Troy, The Narrative Functions of Landscape in Archaic and Early Classical Greek Art (Ann Arbor, 2001): FIG.14 (A)
    Henle, J., Greek Myths: a Vase Painter's Notebook (Indiana, 1973): 148, FIG.71 (A)
    Hephaistos: 7-8 (1985-86) PL.2 AT 168, FIG.3 (I)
    Heydemann, H., Iliupersis auf einer Trinkschale des Brygos (Berlin, 1866): PL.1
    Holloway, R.R., A View of Greek Art (Providence, 1973): 101, FIG.72 (I)
    Hoppin, A., A handbook of Attic red-figured vases signed by or attributed to the various masters of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. (Cambridge, 1919): I, 118
    Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts: 103 (1988) 196, FIGS.25-26 (DRAWINGS OF A AND B)
    Keuls, E., The Reign of the Phallus (New York, 1985): 401, FIG.337 (A)
    Knittlmayer, B., Die Attische Demokratie und ihre Helden, Darstellungen des trojanischen Sagenkreises im 6. und frühen 5. Jh.v.Chr. (Heidelberg, 1997): PL.6.2 (I)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: I, PL.337, AKAMAS ET DEMOPHON 11 (PART OF A), PL.621, ADROMACHE I 46 (PART OF B)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: II, PL.684, ASTYANAX I 18 (PART OF A)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: III, PL.139, BRISEIS 52 (I)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VII, PL.46, OPSIMEDON 1, PL.411, PRIAMOS 124 (A)
    Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae: VIII, PL.401, ILIOUPERSIS 8 (A, B)
    Martens, D., Une esthetique de la transgression: le vase grec de la fin de l'epoque geometrique au debut de l'epoque classique (Brussels, 1992): 16, FIG.2 (DRAWING OF A, B AND I)
    Meyer, M. and von den Hoff, R. (eds.), Helden wie sie. Übermensch, Vorbild, Kultfigur in der griechischen Antike (Vienna, 2010): 132, FIG.11 (PART OF A AND B)
    Moreno, P., La pittura Greca dalle origini ad Apelle, Archeo Dossier 34: 22-23 CENTRE (COLOUR OF A)
    Muller, Iconological Studies in Roman Art (Amsterdam, 1994): II, FIG.29 (I)
    Muth, S., Gewalt im Bild, Das Phänomen der medialen Gewalt im Athen des 6. und 5. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. (Berlin, 2008): 596, FIG.429 (B)
    Oakley, J.H. and Palagia, O. (eds.), Athenian Potters and Painters, Volume II (Oxford, 2010): 193, FIG.3 (PART OF I)
    Padgett, J.M. (ed.), The Berlin Painter and His World: Athenian Vase-Painting in the Early Fifth Century B.C., Princeton University Art Museum Monograph Series (New Haven and London, 2017): 25, FIG.3 (COLOUR OF SIGNATURE)
    Perrot, G., Chipiez, C., Histoire de l'art dans l'antiquite, vols. IX-X (Paris, 1911-14): X, 569-71, PLS.12-13
    Pfuhl, E., Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen (Munich, 1923): FIGS.419-20, 428
    Platt, V. and Squire, M. (eds.), The Frame in Classical Art: A Cultural History (Cambridge, 2017): 147, FIG.2.14 (I)
    Pottier, E., Vases antiques du Louvre (Paris, 1897-1922): PL.121
    Recke, M., Gewalt und Leid, Das Bild des Krieges bei den Athenern im 6. und 5. Jh. v. Chr. (Istanbul, 2002): PL.57C (B)
    Revue des Etudes Grecques: 1936, PLS.4, 7
    Robertson, C., A Shorter History of Greek Art (Cambridge, 1981): 69, FIG.101 (HANDLE)
    Robertson, C., History of Greek Art (Cambridge, 1975): PL.80A,B (A,B)
    Robertson, C.M., The art of vase-painting in classical Athens (Cambridge, 1992): 94, FIG.87 (PART)
    Rubel, A. (ed.), Michael Vickers. Parerga: Selected Essays on Literature, Art and Archaeology, Romanian Academy, Institute of Archaeology of Iasi (Bucharest and Braila, 2019): 314, FIG.3 (I)
    Ruhfel, H., Das Kind in der Griechischen Kunst (Mainz, 1984): 55, FIG.20 (A)
    Schaal, H., Griechische Vasen: Rotfigurig (Bielefeld, 1928): FIG.22
    Schefold, K., Jung, F., Die Sagen von den Argonauten, von Theben und Troia in der klassischen und hellenistischen Kunst (Munich, 1989): 286-287, FIGS.250-251 (A, B)
    Schierup, S. & Rasmussen, B.B. (eds.), Red-figure Pottery in its Ancient Setting, Gosta Enbom Monographs 2 (Copenhagen, 2012): 144, FIG.9 (A)
    Seidensticker, B., and Vöhler, M. (eds.), Gewalt und Ästhetik, Zur Gewalt und ihrer Darstellung in der griechischen Klassik (Berlin, New York, 2006): 249, FIG.9 (DRAWING OF A AND B)
    Seki, T., Untersuchung zum Verhaltnis von Gefässform und Malerei attischer Schalen (Berlin, 1985): PLS.44.4, 45.4 (I, UNDERNEATH)
    Seltman, C.T., Attic vase-painting (Cambridge, 1933): PL.21.B
    Simon, E. & Hirmer, M., Die Griechischen Vasen (Munich, 1976): PLS.148-49 (I, PART OF I)
    Sparkes, B.A., The Red and the Black (London, 1996): 42, FIG.II.6 (I)
    Swindler, M.H., Ancient painting: from the earliest times to the period of Christian art (New Haven, 1929): FIG.311 (DETAIL OF A)
    Tiverios, M.A., Elliniki techni, archaia angaia (Athens, 1996): 148, 150, FIGS.124, 126 (COLOUR OF I AND PART OF I)
    Wegner, M., Brygosmaler (Berlin, 1973): PLS.17A, 18-20, 29C, 40C (I,A,B, PARTS)
  • AVI Web: https://www.avi.unibas.ch/DB/searchform.html?ID=6726
  • AVI Record Number: 6490
  • LIMC ID: 241
  • LIMC Web: http://ark.dasch.swiss/ark:/72163/080e-73a7307fd12e4-4
  • CAVI Collection: Paris, Louvre G 152.
  • CAVI Lemma: RF cup. From Vulci. Brygos Painter. Brygos, potter. Early fifth. 500-490.
  • CAVI Subject: Int.: Phoenix served with wine by Briseis. A-B: Iliupersis.
  • CAVI Inscriptions: Int.: above Briseis: Βρισεες, for Βρισεις. Phoinix is also inscribed. A: Ακαμα[ς], retr. Πολυχσενε, retr. Πριαμο[ς]{1}. Nεοπτ(ο)λε̣[μος]. B: to left of the face of a Greek killing a Trojan: hυπερ[ο]ς, retr.{2}. To right of the thigh of another Greek: Ορσιμε[νε]ς{3}. Over the face of a prostrate Trojan and under the name of Andromache: (ι)μ(ο)μυ{4}. Αν[δ]ρομαχε, retr. To left of the face of a youth running away, with end-boustr.: Αστυαναχς{5}. On one handle, in BG: Βρυγος εποιεσεν.
  • CAVI Footnotes: {1} or Πριαμο(.)(?). {2} CB notes that he is in the same position as the woman on A who is wielding a pestle (ὕπερος). {3} FR: Ορσιμες. The sigma is placed under the epsilon (a shield interferes). {4} illegible. {5} FR: Andromache and Astyanax are inappropriate.
  • CAVI Comments: Two names on B are unknown; the painter has given names to an uninscribed model. Robertson discusses the names: the woman being led away: Polyxene. Her captor: Akamas. The dead child and the child running away are both Astyanax. The woman with a pestle protecting the child: Andromache. A double Astyanax is very unusual; a single warrior leading a woman away is usually Menelaus and Helen. Robertson tries to justify these anomalies and argues against the suggestion by Cambitoglou p. 33 that an assistant put on the names haphazardly. [In AttScr (1990), 89/552 I say that the inscriptions are badly misspelled and misapplied.] Tailed rho. The sigma is three-stroke in the signature, four-stroke in names.
  • CAVI Number: 6490
  • AVI Bibliography: Kretschmer (1894), 140. — FR (1904–32), i, 116-123, pl. 25. — CB (1931–63), ii, 73, n. 1. — Hampe (1937), 142. — ARV[2] (1963), 369/1, 1649. — Para. (1971), 365. — Add.[2] (1989), 224 (much bibl.). — AttScr (1990), no. 552. — Robertson (1992), 94-95, fig. 87.
  • CAVI / AVI Data from Henry Immerwahr's Corpus of Attic Vase Inscriptions (CAVI), updated by Rudoph Wachter's Attic Vase Inscriptions (AVI)
  • Image Credits: FURTWANGLER-REICHHOLD DRAWINGS: Please consult with Williams College Special Collections staff and Williams College Visual Resources Center staff, regarding questions about publishing and accessing materials from Williams College Special Collections. Researchers are responsible for handling any copyright issues that may be associated with collections and materials.
  • Pleiades URI: https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/413393
  • Coordinates: 42.421429,11.702499
  • Pleiades Coordinates: 42.419009,11.6298975
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